|The extent of Blackburnshire at the time of Henry de Lacy's Inq. p.m. (1311)|
For much of its recorded history the 'shire' of Blackburn has been a distinct entity controlled by the earls of Derby [Ferrers] then held by the De Lacys before being inherited in right of Henry de Lacy's sole heir, Alice de Lacy wife of Thomas Earl of Lancaster and eventually the Duchy of Lancaster. Later it was held by the crown until the present day. The successive lords of Blackburnshire as given in 1328 were John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln; his son Edmund de Lacy;then his son Henry de Lacy. The lordship then passed to Thomas Earl of Lancaster following the death of his father in law Henry de Lacy. It was conjoined in 1294 along with the earldom of Lancaster and the honour of Clitheroe to the honour of Pontefract by the marriage of Thomas and Alice de Laci. After the forfeiture of Earl Thomas in 1322 the lordship fell into the hands of King Edward II, followed by his son King Edward III when he granted it with the honour of Clitheroe to Queen Isabella, formerly the wife of Edward II. As part of the Duchy of Lancaster the 'shire' came under the lordship of Henry Plantagenet, John of Gaunt [through his wife Blanche Plantagenet] which since Henry IV's day [prev. Henry Bolingbroke], has been held in the crown.
John Speed's map of Lancashire of 1610 shows that by his time Blackburnshire had been extended to include an area from Ribchester through Longridge, Chipping, the boundary then following the River Hodder to Mitton and so returning to the River Ribble.
|1610 John Speed's map showing the extension of Blackburnshire by this time.|
The Duchy of Lancaster.
It was Henry [of Grosmont] Plantagenet, Duke of Lancaster who granted the Baliwick [outlying manor] of Blackburnshire to the Abbey of Whalley. The abbey also had a convent attached. Henry had married Isabel Beaumont, daughter of Henry Lord Beaumont they produced two children, Maud and Blanche. Maud was married to William Count of Hainault [Hainaut] whilst Blanche carried the Duchy to her husband, John of Gaunt [Ghent] d. 3rd March 1398. John was the fourth son of Edward III.
John of Gaunt thus inherited through his wife the vast Duchy of Lancaster which included the Baliwick of Blackburnshire.
Blanche and John had six children:
i] Philippa Plantagenet b. 31st March 1360.
ii] Elizabeth Plantagenet b. abt. 1364. Married the 5th Lord Hastings. Lord Hastings became the Steward for the Duchy if only briefly, before Richard II replaced him following the banishment of Henry Bolingbroke, Richard's brother.
iii] John b. before 1366.
iv] Edward b. after 1364.
v] Henry of Bolingbroke [later Henry IV] b. 30th March 1366. Henry later became the Duke of Lancaster after his one year banishment when he returned through the coast of Yorkshire and Hull to depose Richard II. Thus the Duchy of Lancaster merged with the crown, i.e. it became the ruling monarchs property as it is today.
vi] Isabel b.1368.
|Lancaster Castle from the air. Until 2011 this was still a place where felons were held at 'Her Majesty's Pleasure' - From the 1700's many northerners were sent to Australia in transport ships after their death-sentences were commuted here.|
Dwelling: Mangnoles Farm
1881 Census Place: Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, England
Source: FHL Film 1342007 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4202 Folio 73 Page 7
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
John SAGAR M 27 M Mytton, York, England
Occ: Farm Bailiff
Ellen SAGAR M 25 F Ormskirk, Lancashire, England
John J. SAGAR 3 M Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, England
Rosella SAGAR 1 F Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, England
Contact : Tom F. Mitchell
Vivienne Hankin is also related to the
Midgleys and Sagars of Sagar Fold. On the modern O.S. map this is labelled 'Sagar Barns'
lying beside Birdy Brow which downhill crosses the River Hodder at Hodder
Bridge. Further downstream nearer the Jesuit Stoneyhurst College is
the so-called 'Cromwell's Bridge'. Viv's grandfather was Henry [Harry] Gordon
Midgley [born at Sagar Fold, resided Accrington] and her great grandfather
was Amos Midgley [journeyman]. Henry married Florence Townsend whose
two brothers died at Gallipoli, one a drummer boy aged 15 years. Florence's
father was a regimental recruiting officer for one of the Lancashire regiments.
Sagar Fold Farm had a large dairy herd and many other animals. There is a
window at the farm which commemorates a stay by Oliver Cromwell. Sagar Fold,
now a B & B [the barn is now a converted private residence] is
overlooked by a large tree covered hill, Kemple End. Vivienne is searching for any gaps that
can be filled in for this branch of the Midgley family in Lancashire.
Contact: Vivienne Hankins
|Sagar Fold Farm near Kemple End, Lancashire This house has been extended on the left.|
|View of Kemple End from Sagar Fold Farm|
Dwelling: 5 York Rd
1881 Census Place: Great & Little Marsden, Lancashire, England
Source: FHL Film 1341998 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4162 Folio 118 Page 12
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Amos MIDGLEY M 43 M Clitheroe, Lancashire, England
Occ: Agricultural Labourer
Alice MIDGLEY M 37 F Whalley, Lancashire, England
Sarah E. MIDGLEY U 19 F Whalley, Lancashire, England
Occ: Teacher In Elementary School (Schoolmistress)
Elizabeth MIDGLEY U 17 F Clitheroe, Lancashire, England
Occ: Assistant At Home
John W. MIDGLEY U 15 M Clitheroe, Lancashire, England
Occ: Pupil Teacher
Samuel MIDGLEY 12 M Clitheroe, Lancashire, England
Occ: Apprentice To The Grocery B
James MIDGLEY 10 M Whalley, Lancashire, England
Mary MIDGLEY 7 F Brierfield, Lancashire, England
Abraham MIDGLEY 3 M Brierfield, Lancashire, England
Florance Ada MIDGLEY 1 F Brierfield, Lancashire, England
Bridget Lane is a descendant of Mary Midgley in the family above. Anecdotally
this family was depleted by an outbreak of tuberculosis, commonly
contracted from infected milk before the advent of pasteurisation.
Bridget has photographs of Elizabeth [Lizzie] Forance [Forrie] and
also one of Mary and her father Amos Midgley taken in front of their
home in Lancashire. Bridget would like to know what happened to the family,
who they married and where they are buried. Mary married William Joseph
Burns [b. Sheldon, England] and he appears to have migrated to the U.S.
in 1889. Mary migrated in 1895.
Contact : Bridget Lane
Dwelling: Knowl Top
1881 Census Place: Mearley, Lancashire, England
Source: FHL Film 1342000 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4171 Folio 90 Page 36
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Abram MIDGLEY M 36 M Clitheroe, Lancashire, England
Occ: Farmer Of 99 Acres Employing 1 Man And 1 Boy
Mary MIDGLEY M 25 F Rochdale, Lancashire, England
Occ: Farmers Wife
Ernest MIDGLEY 3 M Clitheroe, Lancashire, England
Samuel MIDGLEY U 34 M Clitheroe, Lancashire, England
Occ: Farm Servant
Thomas GELDARD U 18 M Clitheroe, Lancashire, England
Occ: Farm Servant
William HEYWORTH U 14 M Rochdale, Lancashire, England
Occ: Labourer In Quarry
Glen Midgley and Jackie Hendrie are
researching Maria Sagar of Sagar Fold who married a farmer, William Midgley
born about 1827 in Todmorden.
He was a Lancashire farmer who at one time held five-hundred acres, they
lived at Sagar Fold in the late 1800's. Maria Sager/Sagar married William
on the 3rd November 1846 at St. Mary's Church, Clitheroe, Lancashire she
was the daughter of Edmund Sagar. Edmund Sagar resided at Alston Hall, in
the Ribble Valley in the 1841 census.5 They had at least two children,
Amos ch. 2nd June 1850 Waddington, Yorkshire and Edmund Segar Midgley
b. 1st Oct 1848 Waddington who died 24th May 1922 at Auckland, New Zealand.
of New Zealand.
Contact: Glen Midgley
Contact: Jackie Hendrie
See Rochdale Page
Copyright © Tim Midgley, 2002, revised 21st March 2016.