|| Midgley of Bradford
Flowing through Bradford from Thornton and Clayton,
[ early Midgley
residences ] is Clayton Beck which flows into the River Aire
by a devious route through Bradford centre. This Beck drains what
was called in the past, Bradford Dale.
Cocker Beck flows from the Bradford vicinity into the River Calder. Thus it lies on a watershed between these two river systems.
Bradford is now a huge industrial connurbation which includes the subdivisions of Eccleshill, Bierley, Great & Little Horton, Manningham, Heaton, Undercliffe and West Bowling. The name Eccleshill from Celtic & O.E. indicates the proximity of a Romano-British Christian church.
Horton from O.E. indicates a "dirty or muddy farmstead", Heaton was Hetun in 1160, whilst Bowling [Bolling] suggests "a place in a hollow" [O.E.].
Bierley [Birle in D.B.] derives its name from Old English Burgh + leah, "a woodland clearing by the stronghold". This may indicate that the early Anglians had a fortification here. The Bierley iron ores have been known to have been used from Roman times until the late 1800's. A road may have deviated from the main Roman road between Manchester & York to access the site.
In Domesday Bradeford Manor is mentioned:
|In Bradeford with 6 outliers Gamall had 15 carucates of land taxable where 8 ploughs are possible. Ilbert has [it]. Waste. Value T.R.E., £ 4. Woodland pasture, 1/2 league long and 1/2 wide.|
A manor is mentioned in Domesday Book at 'Bolling'
|In Bolling Sindi had 4 carucates of land taxable where 2 ploughs are possible. Ilbert [ de Laci ] has [ it ]. Waste*. Value T.R.E., 5s.|
Bolling Hall was owned
by the Bolling family from about 1165 until the end of
the English Civil War when the Parliamentarians dispossessed
them of their property. The hall stands opposite Bowling Park on the
Bradford - Bierley road.
Derek Midgley has snapped a photograph of a Coat of Arms at Bolling Hall. This Coat also appears on the roof of Halifax Church and Ashday Hall, Southowram.
See Midgley Arms and Crests
Derek notes that Coats of Arms at Bolling Hall
date from 1645, the ones in the small lead-light windows vary in
date and may represent Arms of those who married into the Bolling
family. Some of the window examples were brought from Bierley Hall8.
The Arms gules a fess beween six garbs Or. is very similar to that of the Earls of Chester
except the Earls had a background colour of azure or grey.
A handbook of Bolling Hall dated August 1928 says the earliest portion of the Hall probably dates back to the early 1300's when Robert Bolling married the heiress of Thornton and Allenton. No mention of a Midgley occurs in the handbook but in the hall itself, the Midgley crest is credited along with Hopton, Langley, Tempest, Bradford of Heath, and Thornton. There are 24 coats of arms depicted in the stained glass it says many are of families associated by marriage with the Tempests who owned the hall from 1497 until 16498
A will of Sir Richard Tempest, of
Bolling, made January 27th, 1536,
occurs the following:- "Also I gyve
and bequeathe unto my son
Nicholas Tempest all such lands
which I did purchase of John
Bradford, his fader-in-law, lying in
Bradford, now in the tenure of
Edward Midgley." Bradford Historical Society
Bierley Hall was built by the Richardson's in 1676 the most relevant connection between Bolling Hall and Bierley Hall is probably Bowling Iron Works. Bierley Church was built by the Richardson's8.
Returning to the Domesday Book, Bolton [Bodeltone]
Chellow Grange [Celeslau],
|In Bodeltone Arnketill had 4 carucates
of land taxable where two ploughs are possible. Ilbert has [it].
Waste. Value before 1066, 10s.
To this manor belongs this land: Celeslau, Alretone, Torentone, Claitone, Wibetese. Together 10 carucates of land taxable; 6 ploughs possible there. Waste. T.R.E. 1066, 5s.
The Ilbert mentioned here is Ilbert de Laci
[Lacy], a member of one of the branches of the Earls of Lincoln.
It is probable that there was a motte & bailey castle established
at Bradford, later a manor house for de Laci was built on the site. From
at least the time of Robert de Laci , "Blackburnshire" on the west of
the Pennines, was held in lordship. Thus the Hundred of Blackburn had
strong connections with the Honour of Pontefract through ownership by
the de Lacis which later evolved into the Duchy of Lancaster.
In 1277 the first first woollen weaver in Bradeford
had been recorded and by 1311 the population has been estimated
from the number of households to be about 650, dyeing of cloth
being recorded in 1342.
Bradford suffered badly from the raids of "Red-shanked robbers" in 1311 and 1316 as with many other towns in the Northern parts of Yorkshire. Famine throughout Europe and no less England added to the tales of misery emanating from this period. By the end of the 1300's "kersies" were being produced locally.
There is also a reference by Carlisle which "entitled
the Free Grammar School at Bradford
to send a candidate for the exhibitions of Lady Elizabeth Hastings".
This provides us with a clue as Elizabeth was the wife of John Hastings [d. 30th Dec. 1389] 5th Lord Hastings, 13th Earl of Pembroke. Prior to her marriage she was Elizabeth Plantagenet [b. 1364, d, 1425] daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and the Lady Blanche Plantagenet. Blanche was of the House of Lancaster. This may indicate that the 5th Lord Hastings had a residence here at Bradford through his wife, for his dealings with the wool trade through Hull to the Low Countries.
On Blanche's father's death in 1362 John became
the Duke of Lancaster and the greatest landholder in England.
Blanche died from the "Great Pestilence" at the early age of 29 in
1369 after giving birth to three children the second eldest of whom
became Henry IV [Lord Bolingbroke] of England and another, Elizabeth
Plantagenet [b.1364], the eldest, who married John Hastings, 5th
Lord Hastings, 13th Earl of Pembroke [his first marriage]. The marriage
was annulled in 1383, Elizabeth died in 1425 at the age of 61. Secondly,
Lord Hastings 5th Baron married Philippa Mortimer.
This was the second time one of the Hastings line had married into Edward III's pedigree for earlier John Hastings, 4rd Lord Hastings, 12th Earl of Pembroke had married Margaret Plantagenet the 10th child of Edward III. This may indicate, why later, William Lord Hastings became such a friend and confidant to Edward IV.
John Hastings 5th Lord had two daughters but no male issue thus the barony of Hastings went into abeyance until 1840.
Thus, the Midgley family of Thornton Manor were supplying wool to Lord Hastings at Bradford Manor from the Pennine slopes. Part of this wealth generation would have been passed on to John of Gaunt who held the Duchy of Lancaster and ultimately, before his death, in 1377, to King Edward III. England at this time gained 45% of its wealth from wool, such that Edward could raise enough money for the wars with France and further the establishment of an off-shore wool staple at Calais. The income from Calais was for his own royal coffers, thus Edward by-passed the need to make requests from Parliament which always came with a conditions. Edward was thus able to wage wars on his family branches in France. Wool essentially fuelled the "Hundred Years War".
Incidentally, Geoffrey Chaucer wrote an early poem  to Blanche Plantagenet, wife of John of Gaunt, entitled "The Deth of Blaunche the Duchesse" to commemorate her early death from the third "Great Pestilence" [Black Death] of Edward III's reign. There is little doubt that the first appearance of the Black Death had so reduced the working population from 1347 that many landowners turned to sheep farming.
The link from Hastings to Midgley has four pieces of evidence:
1. The crest on the Midgley Coat of Arms is an
heraldic tyger which indicates the family were followers of Lord Hastings.
In 1471 William Hastings was a Lt.-General at the Calais Wool staple
and it would appear from the tyger crest on the Midgley Arms that a
Midgley was a pursuivant of Lord Hastngs. The link from Hastings
to Midgley is not filial as far as is known. Within the various genealogies
of the Hastings family, one particular branch which led to William Captain
of Calais was recorded as resident at "Allerton, Yorkshire". If this
is a reference to Allerton near Bradford then we have direct evidence of
their early sojourn here [Thomas Hastings born ~ 1165 at/of Fillongley
Warwickshire and Allerton, his son Hugh d~1208 and his son Thomas d. ~1246].
2. The Midgleys’ of Thornton in Bradford Dale were sheep farmers, this was part of Bolton then Bradford Manor, part of the Honour of Pontefract, part of the Earldom then Duchy of Lancaster. The Duchy was held by Hasting's wife who was the daughter of John of Gaunt fourth son of Edward III. Thus there appears to be a long link between the Hastings' and their West Yorkshire lands.
3. Sir William de Miggeley a lawyer, parliamentarian and likely wool investor was granted land near Wakefield by Edward III.
4. Hastings’ [with properties in South Wales and Duchy of Lancaster] & Edward III had vested interests in the wool staple at Calais following 1347.
By the time of Thomas Moule's maps in 1579, Bolton
had lost its importance, Bowling Hall, and to the west Denholme Park
The city of Bradford has acted as a magnet for people seeking employment since medieval times & particularly following the industrial developments from the 1700's .
It was the availability of wool on the Pennine slopes,
coal, waterpower and soft water from the abundantly fed streams and
rivers which helped to lead to the development of the wool processing
industries of the West Yorkshire woollen towns. Scouring, carding,
weaving and cloth finishing evolved with each entreprenurial spark.
The skills which were required for these industrial evolutionary advances
were initially begun with the settling of persecuted Flemish weavers
in England during Edward III's reign. This was probably the result of
the influence exerted by his wife, Philippa of Hainaut [Hainault].
1. MIDGLEY of Allerton
& Horton, Bradford
William MIDGLEY and his wife Johanna had at least 6 known children all born & baptised in Allerton, except for the first:
- Jonas 1798 (bap. Kipping Independent, Thornton) - 1862
- Thomas 1801-1877
- Betty 1803-?
- William 1806-bef 1851
- Hannah 1808-?
- Jonathan 1811-1876
Births & baptisms on IGI are confirmed by the entries available on BMD
registers RG4 series, but the originals have no further details. Are the
parents William MIDGLEY and Joanna INGHAM shown on IGI as marrying in
Bradford 26 Feb 1793? If so, there may be more children...
Son William married Sarah PICKLES 23 May 1831 in Bradford and they had 7
children all born in Allerton:
- Margaret 1831-?
- William 1833-?
- Emanuel 1835-1890
- Jacob 2 Nov 1837 - 29 Mar 1902
- Joanna 1840-1893
- David 1841-1920
- Joseph 1845-1911
The family was in Allerton in 1841, then Thornton St Bradford (1851-1871),
Sarah is in Manningham in 1881 and Horton in 1891 until her death in 1893.
Most were employed in the woollen industry.
Jaqui has more information on these families, especially her gggf, Jacob, who married Ruth KELLETT in Birstall 27 Jan 1861. This family was in Horton 1871-1891 censuses, then moved to Luddenden Foot.
Contact: Jaqui Bell
2. Joseph Midgley and others.
Contact : Roy Stockdill
3. Sarah Jane Midgley b. Bradford 1865 married James Hargreaves Bland of Idle. They migrated to America
4. Mary Midgley married in Bradford on 11th August
1851 to James Eamonson, they had several children born in Bradford
Contact : Mike Fay
John Midgley b. 1900 in Bradford, his parents
were John Midgley and Florence Parker, whose father was Joseph Midgley
and mother possibly Sara. Joseph was the son of John born abt. 1847,
John's father was Joseph. Both John and his father Joseph were stonemasons.
Contact : Elizabeth Jolley -email address renewed 3rd Oct. 2008.
5. Frederick Midgley b. 8th June 1891, Bradford. May have had a brother John. Frederick married Gertrude Brook b. 24th December 1898 Bradford. Migrated to Canada
6. William Midgley born about 1835 Horton married
3rd August 1861 Mary Holmes [daughter of Jonathan Holmes] born abt.
1840 at Horton. The marriage was solemnised by William Holmes, the
parish clerk and a Christopher Gibson. They had at least one child,
Mary Ella Midgley born Camden 1880 New Jersey,
Contact: Nancy Stevens
7. Walter Midgley, died in WW1, lived at 16 Lonsdale
St. Street, Bradford. He appears in the 1901 census with parents
Hermann and Ann and sister Elsie.Nellie, Jim, John and Elsie. Grandad worked
for post office. Lived in Manningham Lane in later years of life. Jim
was Martin's father. Jim married Lil Smith of Queensbury.
Contact: Martin Midgley
8. 1988- Smith Midgley was mayor of Bradford Council in this year.
Henry Midgley b. 26th Oct 1891 d. 10th April
1961. His brother Ernest b 1887 d. 1952 is buried in Lymme Massachusetts
USA. They had a sister Selina b. 1895 d. Nov 12th 1969 she became a Bartle
and is buried in the same grave as her mother Hannah Isabella in Undercliffe
cemetery. There was also a brother
Francis who was blind and lived in Bowling Back Lane. Ernest Midgley married Sarah Hannah Mosley from Dewsbury they lived in USA and had five children Albert, Charles. Robert, Douglas and a daughter Bertha May. Bertha married and became a Stead. They had three children. John Henry Midgley went to the USA on his own. Hannah Isabella stayed in Bradford with her children. John Henry and Hannah had two children who died young, Walter aged 22 months and Emily aged five years, they are both in the grave at Undercliffe. Hannah was a Butcher by trade and had a shop at 303 Wakefield Road from where she delivered meat to Bolling Hall until it was presented to Bradford Council in 1912.
The reason why Ernest went to USA was to find
his father this he did only to find he had changed his name to Mason.
Ned (Edward) a cousin to Derek, found a piece of paper with
some information on it. It referred to a grave site purchased on Nov 21st 1852 by
a Henry Midgley in Bierley Church. This has been located
by Derek and it contains only Henry Midgley who died May 1860
age 67. Also with these papers were a list of Midgleys as follows :
Mary Midgley b Nov 14 1818, Fanny b. Feb 26th 1820, John b. April 7th 1822,Timothy b. Feb 25th 1824, Samuel b. Dec. 7th 1827,James b. April 18th 1834, Ann b. Oct 3rd 1836, and William Henry b. Nov 22nd 1831. At present it is not known how or where they fit into Derek's family history hope someone can be of assistance
Contact: Derek Midgley ( Didge)
Old Bradford Church
10. Midgley of Great Horton from the 1881
Dwelling: 92 Havelock St
Census Place: Horton In Bradford, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342066 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4456 Folio 118 Page 27
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Samuel MIDGELEY M 39 M Bradford, York, England
Occ: Stuff Warehouseman (Dlr)
Sarah MIDGELEY M 39 F Gt Horton, York, England
Annie MIDGELEY U 17 F Gt Horton, York, England
Ellen MIDGELEY U 15 F Gt Horton, York, England
Occ: Worsted Spinner
Alfred MIDGELEY U 14 M Gt Horton, York, England
Occ: Office Boy
Sarah Ann MIDGELEY U 10 F Gt Horton, York, England
Maria MIDGELEY U 7 F Gt Horton, York, England
Emma MIDGELEY U 4 F Gt Horton, York, England
James Charles MIDGELEY U 8 m M Gt Horton, York, England
See Migrants to America
Contact: James Midgley
11. Norman Lesley Midgley born in Bradford late 1800's - early 1900's. His
father William was born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire. Norman had a
daughter, Eleanor Midgley born 19th May 1929, she married Arthur Henry
Contact : Ian Lang
12. Edward Midgley born 7th August 1818 at Bolling,
Bradford was, according to family tradition, a seaman at the Battle
of Trafalgar. His occupation was listed as Steam Engine Maker. An inscription
on a snuff box reads "Presented to Edward Midgley for his services as
secretary for 10 years to the Steam Engine Maker Society Bradford Branch
23 Sept. 1854"
He was married to Susannah Rhodes [ b. 1st May 1820 Idle or Bowling] on 8th October 1843. Edward died in 1872 aged 53. Edward and Susannah had at least four children:
1. John b. 25th July 1844, King Street Little Horton.
2. Sarah b. 27th Jan 1848 King Street, Horton. She married William Harling and they migrated to Canada in 1905. Sarah died at Oak Bay, B.C. , Canada 2nd Jan 1941. Sarah had a son William Harling.
3. George born 9th Dec 1850 Bowling [Bolling] Back Lane, Bradford.
4. William b. 9 May 1854 Bowling Back Lane, Bradford.
5. Possibly N. [Ned?] i.e. Edward b. 26th April 1860, Russell St., Lichfield, Derbyshire.
Contact: Gael Huntley
13. Sue McPhee is searching for the mother of Annie Midgley Taylor. Annie's father was Thomas Taylor, plumber, deceased at the time of Annie's marriage to James Warburton Jackson in 1879. James' father William Jackson is listed on Annie's marriage details as a grocer. Sue suspects that Annie's mother's maiden name was Midgley. Annie is found in the 1881 census :
Dwelling: 161 Priestman St
Census Place: Manningham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342068 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4462 Folio 32 Page 17
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
James W. JACKSON M 21 M Bradford, York, England
Occ: Sorting Clerk Post Office (C.SM)
Annie M. JACKSON M 21 F Bradford, York, England
Occ: Formerly Silk Spooler
Herbert W. JACKSON 3 m M Bradford, York, England
Contact: Sue McPhee
The earliest I.G.I. references are
Clayton : about 1490 Mr. & Mrs. Midgley.
Bradford : James Midgley born 1576, spouse Anne Boothe
Thornton : Anne Midgley born 22nd June 1612, Father Samuel Midgley, Mother Saba Moore.
Manningham : Anne Midgley born 11th March 1610, Father Nicholas Midgley, Mother Margaret Walker.
Heaton : Jennet Midgley born 1st June 1600, father: Robert Midgley.
The 1851 census for Eccleshill mentions -
ELIZA/MIDGLEY/UNMARRIED/ AGED25/NURSE SERVANT
The 1851 census for Bradford mentions -
THOMAS MIDGLEY, SOUTHGATE, LOCKSMITH.
JOHN MIDGLEY 97 BRIDGE ST., PAINTER.
WILIAM MIDGLEY, 24, IVYGATE.
Rob Reuss' ggg-grandfather, Thomas Christian Killip took papers to the US with him in 1855
including a letter of reference from a Joseph Migley [sic] or Midgley, a
'carpenter, joiner and builder' located in Bradford, Yorkshire written for him late in 1854. Thomas' sister, Ann Christian
Killip, immigrated to the US with possibly a different Midgley family of
A copy of the letter here [pdf]
Contact: Rob Reuss
See : 1881 list for Midgley of Allerton, Bierley, Bradford, Bowling, Clayton, Eccleshill, Manningham, Thornton. [Text file]
Midgley Of Allerton and Horton
Jacob Midgley born about 1838 at Allerton is recorded in the 1881 census with his family as follows:
Dwelling: Melville Street
Census Place: Horton In Bradford, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342065 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4455 Folio 12 Page 17
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Jacob MIDGLEY M 43 M Allerton, York, England
Ruth MIDGLEY M 42 F Highton, York, England
Sarah Elizabeth MIDGLEY 17 F Bradford, York, England
Occ: Stuff Weaver
Arthur MIDGLEY 13 M Bradford, York, England
Emily MIDGLEY 9 F Bradford, York, England
Clara MIDGLEY 7 F Bradford, York, England
James MIDGLEY 4 M Bradford, York, England
Park House Low Moor, Bradford. Originally built in 1635, the residence of a cleric, stories of the cleric's ghost and blood-stained floorboards in an upstairs bedroom are linked to the building9
The present owner of Park House is Rob Christopher [at January 2003].
"Park House Road is near Holy Trinity Church. The Chapel House Inn across the road suggests an earlier origin.
For 260 years until 1866, Holy Trinity Church was known as Wibsey Chapel built in 1606 and consecrated in 1636. There are plenty of gravestones from the 1600's and 1700's. Even the steps which lead down from the church towards the recreation ground are made of gravestones.
It was at this church between 1678 and 1680 that
a total of 51 people were buried not in coffins but wrapped in woollen
shrouds. That was a response to an Act of Parliament passed during
the reign of Charles II to encourage the wool-textile industry, which
had been in the doldrums for some time.
The people doing the burying had, on each occasion, to swear before a Justice of the Peace that they had complied with the Act"