The De Laci Family Estates
The Honour of Pontefract
1067 Ilbert de Laci (named from Lassy#
in Normandy) was granted many of the existing manors in
Calderdale by William I following the Norman Invasion.
His estates in Yorkshire filled seven pages of the Domesday Book.
Later these estates came to be known as The Honour of Pontefract.
Ilbert was born at Pontefrete in Normandy from which
the town of Pontefract today takes its name.
Prior to the Norman Invasion Pontefract
was called by its Anglian-Danish/Viking name of Cherchebi
(1086 D.B.). In O.E. this means 'village with a church'.
The -bi or -by suffix is particularly Danish in origin, it is
known that the invading Danes in the 800's accepted Christianity
quickly once exposed to it.
Later in about 1124 South
Kirkby was termed Sudkirkebi to distinguish
it from the Kirkby now lost5.
Between 1068 and 1080, Ilbert
had built a castle at "broken bridge" or Pontefrete (now
Pontefract). In 1090 it was recorded as Pontefracto
(Latin: Pons + fractus or 'broken bridge')
Ilbert held 164 manors in Yorkshire,
Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire. His lands in Yorkshire
alone fill seven pages of the Domesday Book4.
Part of the lands in Calderdale formed what was then known as
the "honour of Pontefract" which included 156 townships1.
By 1084-1086 Huddersfield was part of the de Laci estate, the
honour of Pontefract7. At the time of Domesday
they also held Heptonstall and thus controlled the upper Calder
valley and passes.
We know that he gave grants to
churches in South Kirkby, Featherstone, Cawthorne,(in
1086 the Anglian, Ailric is described as being the Lord of
the Wapentake* of Staincross which included the Manors
of Brierley [Brearley],Cawthorne1 [Caltorne]
Silkstone [Silchestone], Penistone,
High Hoyland [Holant], Royston(e), Felkirk, Huddersfield,
Rothwell and Kirkthorpe and thus held lands here. He also
had built a keep at Castle Hill near Almondbury which no
longer stands but is now dominated by a folly or "castle"
built in the 1800's. Ailric held these lands under his Norman
overlord Ilbert de Laci.
* A Wapentake
["Weapon-take"] is equivalent to a "Hundred" in southern
In 1158 Adam the son of Swein and grandson of Ailric of Cawthorne
died. He was probably the last
Anglo-Danish Lord of the manor of Cawthorne. The village
of Hoylandswaine was named after Swein. Adam
Fitz-Swein succeeded Swein but had no sons. Adam's two daughters,
Amabil [Amabel] and Matilda inherited the estates. The eastern
portion went to Matilda with the manor at Brierley and the western
portion went to Amabil centred on the manor of Cawthorne. The
Lordship probably was aquired by the Beaumonts i.e.Bellomonte ( after
Bello Monte in Calvados, Normandy) sometime after this1.
Ilbert had a brother Walter
de Laci who was an important baron in the Welsh Marches.
The de Laci family history is
dealt with at some length in three sources titled, History
of Whalley by Dr. Whittaker2 the Dodsworth
Manuscripts3 and a more recent study, The Lacy
Family of England and Normandy by Wighton9
Ilbert de Laci died in
1090 or 1095. He was succeeded by his son Robert I
de Laci. Robert was the forebear of the earls of Lincoln.
Robert was banished from England by Henry I (Beauclerc)
for supporting Robert Curthose, for this he was in exile for a
few years. He was pardoned and returned to England where he assisted
in the refoundation of a Priory to St. Oswald at Nostell ['North
Stall'], south of Barnsley. He also established a priory of
the Cluniac Order [St. John's] at Pontefract and a Cluniac priory
at [Monk] Bretton, the closeness of these two Cluniac houses caused
some friction between them. Robert I de Laci is known to have held
the Hundred of Blackburnshire in what is now part of Lancashire which
eventually formed part of the Duchy of Lancaster. Here he probably
established a castle at Clitheroe [Clyderhow]. Robert also confirmed
to the abbey of Selby the manor of Hamelden [Hambledon]
given by Ilbert his father, for the soul of Hugh, Robert's brother.
The lands were quit claimed by John de Laci son
of Hugh de Laci of Gateford.11 Robert was banished
twice, being the last of the true De Laci line, male or female.
Others [Dugdale] say Robert I
left two sons, Ilbert[ii] and Henry.
Ilbert fought at The Battle of The Standard and
married Alice de Gaunt daughter of Gilbert de Gaunt. Ilbert
died without issue and was succeeded by his brother Henry. Henry
became the Lord of Blackburnshire.
Henry was succeeded by a son,
Robert II de Laci he died in 1193 with no
issue. It may be this Robert who established the castle at
Clitheroe, he died without issue in 1193. It is with this member
that Dugdale says the male line of the De Lacis died out.
Robert de Laci's eldest
son Ilbert II strongly supported King
Stephen against Matilda's claims. He fought with conspicuous valour
at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 where
the Scottish were routed. He died without issue.
Ilbert's brother and successor,
Henry de Laci distinguished himself by founding
Kirkstall Abbey. He was confirmed Lord of Wakefield
Manor by King Stephen7. Henry was suceeded by his son Robert
II de Laci and was one of the barons who attended Richard I's
coronation in 1193, dying shortly after [perhaps at the seige of
Nottingham against Prince John's forces].
According to Hunter6, the estates now passed to Henry's
half sister Albreda [Aubrey] de Lizours, the
daughter of Henry's mother by her second husband Robert
de Lizours of Sprotborough. But Hunter later showed
by examining Pipe Rolls that it is more likely that Albreda
was Henry's cousin and the grand-daughter [seems unlikely] of the
first Robert de Laci.
The best interpretation however by Glover, places Albreda de Laci
as the sister to the Ilbert II de Laci. She married
Robert de Lizours. They produced a daughter, Albreda
de Lizours who married firstly Sir William Fitz-Godric/FitzWilliam
de ClairFait, Lord of Hampole and Emley (whose son
was Sir FitzWilliam, Lord of Elmley) and secondly Richard
Fitz-Eustace, Lord of Halton, made the Constable
of Chester, who died before 1178. Richard appears to have begun
a feudal alliance with the earls of Chester, who became the overlords
of De Laci family. This probably began with Hugh Le Meschines,
the third earl of Chester who was pitched along with William The
Lyon, King of the Scots, Robert de Beaumont, 3rd earl of Leicester
and the young prince Henry against the prince's father Henry II [Curtmantle].
By Richard FitzEustace, Albreda had a son, John Fitz-Euctace
who died in 1190 pre-deceasing his mother, leaving a son, Roger
de Lizours (taking Albreda's father's name of Lizours),
heir both to the De Laci and Fitz-Eustace estates. However Albreda
caused her grandson, Roger de Lizours to quit all claims
to the de Lizour estates.
Eventually Roger de Lizours assumed the name of
Roger de Laci and founded the second de Laci family, again their seat
was at the fortress and palace of Pontefract. Roger was Constable of Chester
as well as Lord of Pontefract and Clitheroe who also held a castle at Halton
in Cheshire.7 Roger held out bravely for King John
in France and was a major player in the subjugation of the Welsh
for which he was named Roger of Hell [Rogeri de Helle].
At the time of Richard I in 1192, Roger de Laci was accompanied by
William I de Bellomonte* (Beaumont) in the third Crusade.1 However,
this is disputed * See
Roger de Laci below.
Bellomonte - tenants and under tenants
honour of Pontefract.
William [I] Bellomonte may have acquired his
interest at Huddersfield between 1190 and 1200. This tenancy
may have been a direct one rather than an under tenancy, given
by Roger 'Helle' de Laci [d.1211].
William [II] de Bellomonte or Beaumont
was the lord at the manor of Cawthorne, part of the honour
He was survived by his widow, Alice le Strange. William II's eldest son, Sir Richard de Bellomonte married Annabella who later
as a widow was given a grant of land at "Hodresfield" [ Huddersfield]
by Henry de Laci, earl of Lincoln.1 It has been suggested
by Whittaker that this grant of land was provided in order that
the Bellomontes would provide safe passage to and from Pontefract
to the Laci castle at Halton [near Runcorn] Cheshire. The line of
the earls of Lincoln became a large branch of the de Laci family
with notables such as Henry de Laci. William I's grandson [William III] may have
aquired Crosland by
Crosland and also gained lands at South Kirkby which
could have previously been under tenancies, the mesne lord having been Roger de
Montbegon, Lord of Hornby who died s.p. in 1227-8. Montbegon's
lands appear to have descended from his mother Matilda FitzAdam,
who held the manor of Brierley, S.E. of Wakefield. She was one of two
daughters of Adam FitzSwein. The Beaumonts also
aquired some lands at Lepton near Huddersfield.14
William III may be the knight
whose blazon is given in the Galloway Roll : William de
Beaumont : GULES A LION RAMPANT ARG a label of three points azure semy of
Deves-sur-Mer - the embarkation point for William
the Conqueror's fleet [700 ships, 7000 soldiers and 55,000 men].
The original port is long silted up.
The very numerous place-names in Normandy ending in ville have usually the name of the early settler as a prefix, often little changed, as in Tancarville, Etouteville, Omonville, Benoitville, Lamberville, Normanville, or now disguised, as in Bellengreville (Berenger),
Amfreville (Humphrey), Psalmonville (Salomon), Rauville (Ralph), Tourville (Torf), &c.17
Perhaps about 1220,
the Beaumonts acquired lands at Whitley, near Thornhill.
Some or all of Whitley could have been an under tenancy of the
Lords of Thornhill i.e. John de Thornhill or his son Richard
in the mid to late 1200's. By the mid 1300's Brian de Thornhill
was heavily involved in Beaumont affairs as the Beaumonts lost
much of their property due to their criminal behaviour. Some may have
been related earlier to the Lancastrian revolt and later to the Eland Feud.
The latter involved the murder of John de Eland,
Sheriff of Yorkshire and steward of the Warenne estates of the manor of
Wakefield. Roger 'Helle' de Laci would have known William I Bellomonte,
Roger de Montbegon and another in the De Laci circle, John de Birkin
of Laxton Nottinghamshire, who also held land at Lepton, from whom
descended Adam de Everingham of Everingham & Stainborough and
his son Robert de Everingham, Lord Paramount of Rouston, both keepers
of Sherwood Forest.14
Roger de Laci - did he join King
Richard's third crusade?
Roger is thought by some to have been commanding Tickhill and
Nottingham Castle during the period of Richard's absence.
The entry for Roger de Laci in the Dictionary of National Biography16
may be correct in stating that Roger was entrusted with Nottingham
and Tickhill castles in 1192. The third crusade against the Saracens lasted from December
1189 to1192. The D.N.B. also provides a quote that "Dugdale's statement
that he was present at the sieges of Acre and Damietta is due to
the confusion with his father and son".14 Roger's father, John I FitzRichard,
constable of Chester, perished, according to Howden, during the
third crusade on 11th October 1190 at Tyre whilst John II, Roger's
son was born about 1190 which would see him aged about 29 if he left
for Damietta  on the fifth crusade presumably with his overlord
Ranulf de Blondeville later called "The Crusader". Other companions
were the aged Saher III de Quincy, his son Robert [and perhaps his
second son Roger] and William "Stronghand" Albini of Arundel. Saher
III died on his way to Jerusalem in the same year, this crusade continued
until 1222. John is known to have issued a charter at Damietta
about 1218 [Pontefract Chartulary No. 21].14 John II de
Laci was constable of Chester for Ranulf de Blondeville and also John
Ceann mhor Le Scot de Huntingdon for whom he witnessed a charter [K.J.
back the Saracens
- The Hospitaller grandmaster Guillaume de Villiers or
de Clermont defending the walls of Acre, Galilee, 1291.
Thus it appears that Roger'Helle', constable
of Chester was controlling both Nottingham and Tickhill castles
whilst Richard was away. Roger was opposed, in the early stages,
to Count John of Mortain and had two of John's knights, the
constables of Tickhill and Nottingham hanged at the behest of William
Longchamp, chancellor of England. As a consequence Roger had his
lands ransacked by Count John.
It would appear that the reference in
Whittaker and Pratt may be challenged, there does not appear
to be much evidence if any that Roger was in the Middle East although
there is nothing to say that he did not go part way there. Some
crusaders returned from Sicily after it became clear that Count John
and William Longchamp could not be trusted, for Richard had heard
how Longchamp was abusing his position.
When Longchamp the justicar moved north and displaced Hugh de Puiset,
Justicar for the north, Richard sent Walter de Coutances,
archbishop of Rouen to replace him. Could Roger have been sent
back to Nottingham to control the North against Richard's adversaries?
Given this evidence that Roger was garrisoning Nottingham and
Tickhill for Richard I in the same year that the crusade ended we
may have to amend the notion that William Bellomonte and Roger went
on the third crusade although they may alternatively have left England
together and then returned before reaching the Holy Land.
Rather like earl David Ceann mhor, Roger's
whereabouts seem somewhat shrouded during the third crusade.
Earl David though seems to have fallen off the radar completely,
as no references to his whereabouts [K.J. Stringer] occur
during the third crusade even though he sired the illegitimate Henry
of Stirling about 1193.There are strong suspicions that Earl
David did not go on Richard's crusade. Richard had left England
basically at peace with Scotland after the 100,000 marks were handed
over for his debilitating militarily foray into Outremer.
By 1194 Roger inherited the honours
of Pontefract and Clitheroe [VCH Lancs, i, p.300] the same
year as the siege of Nottingham. He assumed the name De Laci
from his great grandmother Albreda de Laci, daughter of Robert I de
Laci. Roger is also found as the castellan of Chateaux Galliard,
Richard's 'saucy castle' in 1194. Prior to his inheritance
he was often referred to rather grandly as Rogero conestabulario
Cestrie which appears in one of Earl David's Charters [1190-1194]:
<<The Acta of Earl David >>
Priory of La Chaise-Dieu-du-Theil
(dep. Eure). Grants in alms to the priory of La-Chaise-Dieu
an annual rent of one silver mark at Michaelmas from the profits
of his mill of Fotheringhay. (19 Aug. 1190 x 1194).
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filijs.
presentibus. 7 futuris. Comes dauid frater regis scocie
salutem. SciatiS me dedisse. 7 concessisse. 7 hac carta mea
confirmasse deo 7 ecclesie sancte Marie de casa dei. 7 monialibus
ibidem deo seruientibus inpuram.a 7 liberam. 7 perpetuam
elemosinam tenendam de me. 7 heredibus meis unam Marcam argenti.
ad festum sancti Michaelis. annuatim recipiendam de exitu molendini
mei. de frodRigee pro anima patris mei. 7 pro anima Matris Mei.
7 pro salute anime mee. 7 anime cornitisse. Matil'. Sponse Mee'.
7 pro anima. Regis. dauid. avi mei. 7 pro anima. Malcolmi regis fratris
Mei. 7 pro anima. Thome bigot. 7 pro animabus antecessorum meorum.
7 successorum. Testibus. W. de Warennja. Rogero conestabulario. Cestrie.
Eustacio de uesci. Roberto. de Mortuo Mari. HenRico filio Meo.
Simone de sancto litlo. Ricardo. de lindesia. Roberto de basingham.
Willelmo. de essebi. Willelmo. de foleuill. Reginaldo. de acle. Willelmo.
daco. Roberto de lakerneill' cum multis aliis.b
ENDORSED: ffrodrige De j marca redditus
concessa Priorisse de Casa Dei (late xiii cent.); Non irrotulatur
quja domus de Eton' nichil inde habet ut intelligitur (late xiii
cent.); Carta Comitis Dauid fratris Regis Scotie
DESCRIPTION: 5.7 x 4.7 in (14.4 x 11.9cm).
Foot folded to depth of about 1.4 in. (3.6cm); double slits
with tag. Second seal, in natural wax.
SOURCE: Original, BL Addit. Chart.
NOTES: a Run together in source.
b Final 's' extended sideways in order
to finish last line of text.
COMMENT: Dated by Earl David's marriage
and by the appearance of Roger, constable of Chester, in the
witness-list without the style 'de Lacy', indicating a date
before he inherited the honours of Clitheroe and Pontefract in
1194 (VCH Lancs, i, p.300). W. de Warenne, the first witness, is
probably one and the same man as David's cousin William de Warenne of
Wormegay (d. 1209). Eustace de Vesci, lord of Alnwick, also attests. The
presence of these important men in the witness-clause suggests an especially
weighty occasion. It is possible that Thomas Bigod, for the good of
whose soul, among others, the gift was made, can be identified with
a probable son of Roger, second earl of Norfolk, on whom see Cambridge
Law Journal, x (1950), pp.96-7 with n.86. This Thomas was apparently still
alive in, '96, but the use of 'pro anima' in the text is not conclusive
proof that Thomas Bigod was already dead (cf. EYC, iv, pp.xxvii-xxx). Alternatively,
it may be that the terminus ante quem should be set later than 1194,
at 29 Nov. 1208 when Reginald of Oakley was deceased. David's relationship
with Thomas remains mysterious, but provides some evidence for a connection
between the Scottish royal house and the senior Bigod line a generation
before William the Lion's daughter Isabel was married to Roger Bigod,
future fourth earl of Norfolk, in 1225.
Earl David of Huntingdon - K.J. Stringer
As we can see there were other witnesses,
the more important of whom were Thomas Bigod, William de
Warenne of Wormgay [Norfolk] and Eustace de Vesci, Lord of Alnwick.
The latter was an opponent of Count John particularly during
the subsequent Baron's Revolt in John's reign. The Scottish links
of the De Lacis is further examined below. This Act suggests that
Roger and Earl David were associates at this time [1190-1194]
during Richard's reign. Roger de Laci was also a Sheriff of Yorkshire
under King John's rule for about seven years from 1206 until his
death in 1211. Some part of this time he shared the shievality with
Robert Wallensis [from Wales]. Roger was also involved with Robert
FitzRoger, Lord of Warkworth who was also a sheriff of Northumberland.
Robert was related to Roger through Richard FitzEustace who married
firstly Albreda de Lizours which gave rise to Roger's line and
secondly to Jane Bigod, daughter of the 1st earl of East Anglia which
gave rise to Robert's line, making them in effect second cousins. Both
these men would have collectively wielded considerable power in the
North of England. Later after John ascended as King in 1199, Roger's
opposition to John yielded, a matter of reality as much as opportunity..
When Roger de Laci died in 1211 he left
a son John (Johannes) II de Laci, Constable of Chester, Count
[Earl] of Chester and Earl of Lincoln through his wife Margaret,
the daughter of Hawise, sister to Ranulf de Blondeville, Earl
of Chester and Lincoln. Roger married firstly, Alice de Aquila,
without issue and secondly Margaret de Quincy. John granted Whitley
Hall (Whitley Beaumont) to William de Bellemonte10,
which became the seat of the Beaumonts of Whitley. We are also told
by K.J. Stringer13 that a sister of John de Laci who
is un-named, was betrothed to Alan MacDougall of Galloway, who
was Lord of Galloway, Constable of Scotland and an adviser to King
John. There appears to have been no issue but the various marriages
of Alan speak volumes for the cross-border relationships of the
De Lacis at this time:
Rose de Laci d. of Earl of Ulster
Roger 'Helle' de Laci
Helen de L'Isle=======1==========Alan
of Galloway=====2=====sister of John de Laci of Pontefract
hered. const. of Chester, earl Lincoln
=========Margaret Canmore d. of Earl David De Huntingdon
Roger de Quincy====Helen
Devorguilla*==John I Balliol
of Barnard Castle Fortibus
of Skipton====Maud De Ferrers
* heiress of Alan of Galloway
who had inherited the constableship and the Moreville
estates through his mother.
Pedigree for Bellomonte from Flowers Visitation beginning with Richard
who died 1472.
son was Edmund de Laci Constable of Chester
born 1230 died 1258. From 1240 to his death he held
the position of Lord of the Honour of Pontfract. Edmund was
granted a manor at Stanbury near Haworth, being granted a charter
in 1234-1235 with five other manors being granted to Edmund in November
1249.12 A road strategically connected the castles
of Pontefract and Clitheroe running from Pontefract through Bradford
Dale, Haworth and over the Pennines at Colne Edge to Clitheroe, Ightenhill
[Gawthorpe near Burnley] and the abbey at Whalley. This road never left
De Laci lands, connecting the two distinct administrative centres of
the honours of Pontefract and Clitheroe.
Edmund left a son, Henry de Laci born 1251. He became a close
confidant of Edward I and in 1278 received
the earldom of Lincoln and Lordship of the honour of Pontefract.
In 1272 Edward I granted the right for Henry de Laci to hold
a market at Almondbury on each Monday. Henry died in 1311
and was buried at St. Paul's London.
Henry de Laci
9th Earl of Lincoln in 1257 [b 1249? d.1311]. This
Henry commanded a division in the Welsh wars in 1276 and was
joint Lieutenant of England whilst Edward I was in France .
During 1296-8 he commanded the English army in France and in 1307
accompanied Edward I on his final campaign in Scotland. He was
also present at Edward I's death. In 1310 he became one of the
"Lord's Ordainers" which restricted Edward II's powers. Henry also
acted as The Guardian of the Kingdom whilst Edward II was at war in
Henry had two sons and two daughters
the first three pre-deceased him. The only surviving
child was his youngest daughter Alice de Laci. Alice
inherited the de Laci estates and entered into a marriage
contract at the age of nine in 1294 to Thomas Plantagenet,
later Earl of Lancaster, Leicester, Derby, Lincoln and Salisbury.
As a result Alice de Laci became Countess of Lancaster and Thomas
inherited the de Laci estates. Thomas was the grandson of
Henry III. His father, the Earl of Lancaster
was brother to Edward I.
Alice, according to one version,
was abducted forcibly from her husbands Pontefract Castle by
Earl Warrene of Conisbrough,
probably with the assistance of Edward II. Another
version says she was taken from Canford Castle, near Wimborne, Dorset.
She was taken to Earl Warrene's
castle at Reigate in Surrey. This gave rise to a private
war between the the House of Lancaster and the Warrenes.
After his rebellion, Thomas Earl of Lancaster was beheaded at
Pontefract but Edward II was already unpopular with noble and
commoner alike and this led to Thomas being deified, the cult of 'Saint'
Thomas's brother, Henry Plantagenet
inherited the de Laci estates (died 1345). He was succeeded
by his son Henry Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Lancaster.
Except for Edward the "Black Prince" he was the first Duke since
the Conquest . He died of the Great Plague ("Great Pestilence")
on 24th March, 1361.
Henry had two daughters, the eldest
of whom died with no issue. The second, Blanche Plantagenet
[d.February 1349], married John of Gaunt (Ghent),
Earl of Richmond, Duke of Lancaster. Blanche and John of
Gaunt had a son Henry Bolingbroke, later Henry IV, (born
1366 at Bolingbroke in Lincolnshire) who inherited the de Laci estates
and led to the line of Lancastrian kings. see
Dronsfield, esquire to Lord Bolingbroke
Henry Bolingbroke deposed his
cousin Richard II [son of the "Black Prince"] and assumed the
crown in 1399 as Henry IV, the first Lancastrian king. Richard
II was ostensibly murdered in Pontefract Castle by starvation,
such like Edward II, no marks would be left on the body.
Bolingbroke, later Henry IV, was
the first King to be crowned using the English language.The
great plague had decimated the priesthood and aristocrats
did not have sufficient latin teachers for their children,
English became the lingua franca by the end of the 1300's
The Laci name lingered in the western part of the region. John
Lacy married Ann, Alice de Eland they had
three children an eldest son, a daughter who married Henry
Murgatroyd and a second son, Gilbert Lacy born
abt. 1400. This Gilbert married Johanna Soothill
[Sotehill] born abt. 1400, daughter of Lord Gerald Soothill
[b. abt. 1375]
Gilbert and Johanna Lacy had a
child, Gerald Lacy b. abt. 1425
who married Joan Symmes who had a son, Hugh
Lacy b. abt. 1489 at Brearley
Hall, d. abt. 1573. Hugh was Lord of Midgley. His will was
proved in 1570. Hugh married Agnes Savile b.1496 of Newhall,
From the time of Henry Bolingbroke's coronation [Henry IV]
to the present, the honour of Pontefract has been vested
in the Crown. The honour of Pontefract is a separate Crown
estate, managed by its own officers as part of the Duchy of
The Honour of Pontefract | Yorkshire landed
| West Yorkshire
Arms | The Elland Feud | Alice de Laci
1. Pratt, Charles
of Cawthorne, 1881.
2. Whitaker, Thomas,
Dunham, LL.D., F.S.A., Vicar of Whalley - A History of
the Original parish of Whalley and honour of Clitheroe,
4th edition, revised
and enlarged, by John Gough Nichols, F.S.A.and the Rev. Ponsonby
A.Lyons, B.A. Vol. 1. London: George Routledge and Sons, 1872. See : Whalley Parish and
Honour of Clitheroe
3. Dodsworth Manuscripts,
Bodleian Library, Oxford*
4. The Domesday
Book was in the Chapter House, Westminster from1696 having
formerly been deposited in Winchester Cathedral.
5. Mills, A.D., Dictionary
of English Place-Names, O.U.P., 1997.
6. Hunter, Joseph,
Revd., South Yorkshire, History of the Deanery of
Doncaster, 1828 [2 vols]
7. Baines, Thomas,
Yorkshire Past and Present quoting Whitaker,
T.D., Loidis and Elmete p. 347.
8. Faull, M.L. &
Stinson, M. (Eds.), Domesday Book for Yorkshire,
Phillimore, Chichester, 1986.
9. Wighton, W.E.,
The Lacy Family in England & Normandy,
1066-1194, Oxford, 1966.
10. Calendar of Close Rolls.
11. Burton John, Monasticon
Eboracennse, London, 1758.
12. From Calendar of Charter
Rolls, VI, Henry III 1226-57 , p. 346 reference given
to Tom Lee by Smith Midgley.
13. Stringer, K.J. [ed.].
Essays on the Nobility of Medieval Scotland.
John Donald, Edinburgh. 1985. p.50
14. E-mail from Edward Beaumont
has much unpublished work relating to the Bellomontes
of West Yorkshire.
15. Whitaker, T. D. An History
of the Original parish of Whalley and Honour of Clitheroe.
George Routledge and Sons. London 1872.
16.Dictionary of National Biography
17. Complete Peerage. vol iv, (1916), p. 131n.
# Lassy is in the Canton, Conde
Sur Noiseau in the arrondissment of Vise of the Department
of Calvados.8 This is marked on modern maps as
VASSY, 35 km east of Falaise, which
is in Calvados, Normandy.
* Dodsworth died in 1654, he obtained
the de Lacis religious history from John Stanhope.
Copyright © Tim Midgley1999, revised 19th