Hastings & Earldoms

The Hastings' family were lords [barons or great land-holders] who began to garner wealth as their fortunes increased under successive sovereigns. One, member of this family George Hastings was made an earl of Huntingdon. Anothehttp://www2.prestel.co.uk/magor/Images/lord%20hastings.HTMr, William, was involved in several battles during the Wars of the Roses, he controlled the Wool Staple at Calais and was finally beheaded by the reviled Richard III whilst William's mistress died in distress.
 
                         Blazon: Gules, a maunch§ or
                                .The Arms of Hastings
The maunch or ladies loose sleeve was purportedly used as a favour by one early Hastings jouster.  Hastings Arms: Arg, a maunch, sable. However the imagery is more likely to be an allusion to the shape of the  English Channel,  in French, 'La Manche', wide at the western end and narrow at the east.

The earldom of Huntingdon descended from Henry Prince of Scotland, earl of Huntington and Northumberland (d.1152). Henry married Ada [Adeline] de Warrene (b. abt. 1104 at Huntington, d.1178), Ada being the 6th daughter of six children of William II de Warrene, earl of Surrey (d.1138). Ada's fifth and youngest son, David became earl of Huntington (d.1219). He married Matilda de Kevlioch ['Maud of Chester'] who had two children, Isobel de Huntington and Ada de Huntington, the youngest, who married Henry de Hastings. The elder daughter, Isobel de Huntington married Robert de Bruis [Bruce]. [Another version2 says that David de Huntington married  Maud of Chester (d.1232/3) they produced two daughters, the eldest, Ada of Huntington married Sir Henry de Hastings (d.1250). The title earl of Huntington passed to a son of David earl of Huntington, John Le Scot, Earl of Chester.
The earldom died  with this Scottish noble in 1327 either at Darnhall [Cheshire] or Darnall [Sheffield], perhaps whilst he was on his way to his estate of Hallam Manor [which had been inherited from his great-grandfather, David I of Scotland through his wife Matilda/Maud de Huntington, daughter of Waltheof the last English eorl] John died from poisoning, his wife was suspected. It is of interest to note here that John Le Scot had an older brother Robert Le Scot [~1191-1221]who would have inherited the earldom of Huntington, the Huntington so mentioned by the playwright Anthony Munday as opposed to perhaps a later appellation, the title earl of Huntingdon created for George Hastings by Henry VIII.

Sir Henry I  de Hastings b. 1191 Fillongley, Warwickshire  d.1249/50 married Ada de Huntingdon* [Huntington also known as Ada le Scot or FitzDavid, a daughter of David Earl of Huntington] ca. 1224 and had a daughter, Eleanor and a son Henry, subsequently Sir Henry I de Hastings this Sir Henry was probably involved in the subjugation of Wales.



Sir Henry II de Hastings born ca. 1239 , died ca. 1269 at Abergavenny, Wales.  Married Maud de Cantelupe [Sometimes given as Joan/Joanne/Eve/ ]


First Baron Hastings
John I Hastings  b. 1262 d. February 1313.
Was the First Baron [1st Lord] Hastings created 12909 1st Lord of [A]bergavenny [Wales] and Constable of Winchester Castle. John had a wyvern support on each side of his shield and a wyvern in the space above the shield10, probably as a recognition of his services in Wales. He assisted Edward I in the Scottish Wars and as a result  in 1273 received a grant of lands formerly held by Lord [Fitz?] Alan. In 1290 he was one of the [13] competitors for the crown of Scotland9 through his mother Ada de Huntington and which was eventually granted to John Baliol by King Edward I. Thus it is likely that Sir Henry at some time held lands in right of his wife in Huntington near Haddington, Scotland.

John married firstly, Isabel de Valence  d.1305 [Herbert? daughter of the Earl of Pembroke] descended from Henry I. William de Valence was her father, the 3rd Earl of Pembroke [Henry III's half brother]. They had a son, John Hastings 2nd Lord Hastings, Earl Hastings and Earl of Pembroke. Their [grand?9] daughter was Elizabeth de Hastings. She married Roger de Grey 1st baron Grey de Ruthyn and they had a daughter Elizabeth.
Roger married secondly, Isabel le Despencer [daughter of Hugh Despencer, Earl of Winchester] by whom he had two sons, Thomas who produced the Grey heirs and Hugh b. ca. 1310, d. 1347 at Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire, who married Margaret [Margery] Foliot which led to a line of the Hastings family. There arose later a conflict between the Greys and the Hastings heirs over the Hastings estate, as a  result the Hastings line never held the titles of Lord Hastings in their own life times9



John II Hastings, 2nd Lord Hastings married Juliana Leybourne [Leyburne]#9 who died in 1327. He was called to Parliament between 1313 and 1325 as one of the Lords or barons9 and was made governor of Kenilworth Castle by Edward II in 1323, dying in June 1325.

Hugh Hastings was the brother of John II Hastings  The 'label' on the monumental brass to Sir Hugh at Elsing indicates that he was the eldest son. See the Elsing Brass  The Hall at Elsing was in the Foliot family until Margery, Sir Richard Foliot's daughter married Sir Hugh Hastings, commander of the army of Edward III. in Flanders. As a result, Elsing Hall became the residence of the Hastings family until it passed by the marriage of Anne, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir Hugh Hastings to William Browne, shortly before the year 1554. In Elsing Church there is a  large east-facing window containing stained glass with figures of Sir Hugh Hastings and his wife as founders of the church. Hugh's great grandson, Edward, lost the barony of Hastings to Reginald lord Grey of Ruthin following a Court meeting at Elsing church. However Edward did not accept the ruling of the Court and consequently spent the remaining twenty-one years of his life in the Marshalsea prison.



Laurence Hastings Arms, 4th Earl Pembroke Laurence/Lawrence Hastings, b. 20th March 1319 Warwickshire, d.29th August 1348 Abergavenny, Wales, 3rd Lord Hastings, 4th Earl of Pembroke2 [others say 11th] married [29th May, 1328 Hereford] Agnes de Mortimer9 of March [Agnes March], and was called to Parliament9. He had the 4th earl of Pembroke's Arms quartered with two Hastings maunches. The maunch emblazoned on George Hastings arms indicates a family relationship with the 4th Earl of Pembroke [South Wales] being continued until that time. The orle fifteen martlets quartered barry indicate the arms of Aymer de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke's Arms [b.1296 d1323] Martlets are often associated with the "The Crusades"10. Hastings, 4th Earl of Pembroke was mainly a producer of wool at this time, much of which was sent by ship to North Wales for processing and N.E. to the Bristol region2.
 
 
        The Earls of Pembroke2
* R.C. 'Strongbow' 1st Earl.
* William Marshall 2nd Earl, 1145?- 1219 a 
    great English warrior. From old French 
    Mareschal or 'horse-servant'/groom [c.f. 
    Seneschal]-hence the phrase "To
    marshal your forces" 
* William Valence 3rd Earl.
* Laurence Hastings 4th Earl
* John Duke of Bedford 5th Earl.
* Marquis William de la Poole 6th Earl.
* Jasper Hatfield 7th Earl.
William Herbert Arms, 8th Earl Pembroke * William Herbert 8th Earl.
* Edward Prince of Wales 9th Earl.
* Marchioness Anne Bolleyne
* William Herbert 11th Earl


John III Hastings 4th Lord Hastings 12th earl of Pembroke [b.1347 Sutton Valence, d.1375 Picardy] was one of Edward II's generals and was recorded as marrying Edward III's daughter, Margaret Plantagenet on the 19th May 1359, Reading, Berks., and who died in 1361 at a comparitively young age3, she was the 10th child Edward III. Edward and his Queen Philippa of Hainaut had 13 children. John married secondly [July 1368], Anne Mauny [Manny] baroness Mauny [b. 24th July 1355].


We next pick up a reference to a John IV Hastings [d. 30th Dec.1389, Woodstock, Oxon.] 5th Lord Hastings, 13th earl of Pembroke who married  [24th June 1380 Kenilworth Castle, Warwicks.] Elizabeth Plantagenet of Lancaster [b. 1363, d, 1425] daughter of John of Gaunt  Duke of Lancaster and Lady Blanche Plantagenet and thus sister of Henry de Bolingbroke , later King Henry IV. Blanche was a Plantagenet of the House of Lancaster. As a result of the marriage John was permitted to quarter the royal arms of Plantagenet on his coat of arms10. As such he could have adopted the royal crest. John Hastings, 5th Lord Hastings, also had a second marriage to Philippa Mortimer [1385].
The marriage with Elizabeth was annulled in 1383. These two marriages may have led to property divisions. There was no male issue from the two marriages and thus the title "Lord Hastings" fell into abeyanceThere was a second marriage for Elizabeth with John Holand d.1400, 1st Duke of Exeter [marr.24th June 1386 at Plymouth]. John Holand was the son of Sir Thomas Holland [1st Lord Holland] and Joan 'The Fair Maid of Woodstock' [d. 7th August 1385]. The marriage between Holand and Elizabeth Plantagenet produced up to seven children three of whom were Constance Holand, John II Holland duke of Exeter and earl of Huntingdon. Thirdly, Elizabeth married  John Cornwall of Burford, 1st Baron Fanhope from which there came two children.

Following Edward III's death, William Lord Latimer was appointed to Richard II's council in 1377. There was open public disgust at this. Lord Latimer served as Governor of Calais from 1380-1


Another line descends from a steward of King Henry II, William I de Hastings, who is a common ancestor to the above lords of Hastings and Sir William Hastings, the 'Captain of Calais': 


William Hastings born 1430/1, Kirby Muxloe, Leicestershire, married Catherine [Katherine] Neville 6th Feb. 1460/1, sister of Richard Neville the 'king maker'. William was created a peer [Lord Hastings] in 1461 by Edward IV on the battlefield, following the battle of Towton led by Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, the 'king-maker". The Hastings title baron of Hastings had not fallen into abeyance9 but having been granted to Lord Grey of Ruthin in 1410 became available again at his death allowing William to be titled Lord Hastings of Hastings. The battle of Towton was fought on Palm Sunday in snow and icy conditions in which 30*-50,000 military were killed. Whatever the number of dead, it is considered to be England's greatest loss of life in a single battle. *Edward IV in a letter to his mother claimed 28,000, or about 1/3 of the combatants.
 

                                                                             The Battle of Towton 1461
Present at the battle for the Yorkist cause were:
Sir William Hastings, given Ashby manor in Leicestershire after the battle.
Sir Richard Hastings 
Ralph Hastings esq. 
Richard Neville, Earl Warwick, was wounded. He later assisted the Yorkist position in the North.
William Neville, Lord Fauconberg cr. Earl of Kent.
Edward Neville, Lord Abergaveny who was rewarded after the battle
See exhaustive list for others

Edward and Warwick commanded the two central divisions with William Neville [Lord Fauconberg] commanding a forward group [archers, pit diggers# and caltrap throwers?] who moved in behind their own left and right flank to reinforce the push as the battle progressed. The Yorkists were pitted# against three divisions of Lancastrians, under Lord Dacre and one of the Neville family.
The battle was at a stalemate until Norfolk's Yorkist reinforcements arrived from the South along the Ferrybridge road to help overwhelm the Lancastrians. The Lancastrian side included Henry Percy 6th Earl of Northumberland.
Recently a mass grave was found  under "mounds" which are marked on the 1960 O.S. map, on the side of Cock Beck near Castle Hill Wood. This supports written evidence that those who died had been thrown into collective grave pits. The battle has been described as a "bloody Yorkist victory", the slaughter was frightful both in and after the battle, for the knights fought on foot in heavy plate- armour, those on the defeated side were unable to escape from the battle, many dying in Cock Beck6 which would have coagulated with bloodat a place now called 'Bloody Meadows'. The Yorkist losses at the Battle of Wakefield had been avenged.
# hence the term to be 'pitted against an adversary'?

Later Lord William Hastings commanded 10,000 in the left division for the Yorkists at the Battle of Large House of Yorkshire rose Barnet [4th April 1471]. Here Edward IV commanded the middle division and Richard Duke of Gloucester [later Richard III], Edward's younger brother, had commanded the right division against Oxford, Montague and Exeter for the Lancastrians
Again at the Battle of Tewkesbury Hasting's and his men formed one of three divisions, this time the right flank, Edward the centre division and Richard Duke of Gloucester the left flank. They here opposed Somerset, Wenlock and Devonshire for the Lancastrians.
See The Tewkesbury Battlefield Society.

Other honours were bestowed upon William when he became Master of the Mint and Chamberlain of the Royal Household.
Hastings supported the Yorkist line, it was he who helped Edward IV to escape to Holland/ Belgium/ Flanders in 1470.
William Lord Hastings became the Lieutenant-General of Calais about 1471-2 following the previous incumbent's death [Earl Warwick at Barnet]. Tyger Pursuivant is the title taken by the man-tyger supporters of Lord William Hastings4. The Midgley crest was achieved as followers of Lord Hastings.

Midgley Crest, a tyger seated. Tyger Pursuivant, a title taken from the man-tyger supporters of Lord Hastings, from 1471 the Lieutenant-General of Calais, is known only from a letter from Edmund Bedingfield, dated at Calais 17th August 1477, to Sir John Paston in Norfolk. Having conveyed local 'tydings' to Paston, and reported that King Louis XI of France is beseiging St. Omer, he goes on to say that, 'the said French King within these three days railed greatly of my lord to Tyger Pursuivant, openly before 200 of his folks; wherefore it is thought here that he would feign a quarrel to set upon this town if he might get an advantage'. Louis XI was using Tyger Pursuivant as a messenger, knowing that he would tell his master, Lord Hastings what he had heard......Certainly Tyger Pursuivant's diplomatic language must have been tested to the limit when he was railed at by the French King.
From: Heraldry, Henry Bedingfield, Rouge Croix Pursuivant.

Thus it appears that those who bear the crest of the tyger were families closely linked to the Yorkist cause, opposing the Lancastrians. The idgley achievement contains a tyger sejant crest indicating that they were followers of Lord Hastings, i.e. Yorkists. William is known to have been at Calais in 1477 from a letter sent to Paston in Norfolk on the 17th August. Lord Hastings was undoubtedly helping to control the wool staple at Calais which had been established here under Edward III.
 
 

                                                                                                    The Wool Staple1363-1558
                                                                               A central depot for the collection and distribution of wool.
The wool staple in 1337 was at Antwep but by 1353 had been moved to 15 towns in England, Wales & Ireland. In 1360 The Commons petitioned for free trade, which led Edward III to locate the Wool Staple from 1363 at Calais, which, following Crecy and Poitiers was now in English hands. A group of 26 English merchants, later termed Merchant Staplers or Merchants of the Staple, established a company at aCalais.
Before the defeat of Calais in 1347, Calais had been a port sheltering piratical Channel privateers7. Thus to remove these threats of piracy and secure a continental bridgehead from which Edward could extract revenue directly, Calais became the preferred entrepot staple. It was easier to control the collection of revenue derived from wool here and Calais was nearer to the markets of Flanders and parts of France. This single location allowed Edward III to collect  revenues directly without having to go to The Parliament. Thus after 1347 Calais became an English possession.
The wool merchants who held the monopoly at Edward III's staple received considerations in exchange for lending the king money7, which gave Edward a loan rather than asking the Parliament for money which would have no doubt carried reciprocal requests from the Parliament  thus ham-stringing the king. The monopoly raised the prices of wool cloth in Europe. This had the effect of stimulating the manufacture of cloth in England, which until now had been a small industry.

Yorkshire as well as Leicestershire, Suffolk and the Cotswolds were major suppliers of wool for Europe which produced 40% of the revenue in Edward III's time and thus it is likely that members of the families of Yorkshire were well aquainted with Calais. English traders and their families were brought from England to replace the French citizens of Calais. 
The wealth of England was so contolled by the export of raw wool in Edward III's time that the Lord Chancellor was commanded by Edward to seat himself on what was to be known as 'The Woolsack' to remind the Lord's of wool's importance to England's trade. The nursery rhyme "Baa Baa Black sheep" is supposed to represent the collection of revenue from people of all levels of society. Wool was equivalent to money, Richard I's ransom was paid in wool. Until the 1700's sheep were kept primarily for wool, generally lamb was not consumed and only mutton from rams and ewes which were unsuitable for wool production were eaten.. Thus sheep in Medieval times were almost exclusively used for wool production.
By 1280-1290 customs records show England was exporting 7.5 million fleeces each year to Europe, this was about 5 times as many sheep as people. During Edward III's reign, finished wool products overtook raw wool as the main export as a result of the importation of skills of the weavers displaced from Flanders. To encourage this development Edward III imposed a heavy duty on raw wool but a much lower one on woollen cloth. Because these weavers did not have long established restrictive Guilds in England it appears they managed to under-sell the weavers of Europe. Even by the 1600's wool was providing about three-quarters of England's wealth, this dependence on wool for wealth led to, some believe, the search for new markets and the eventual development of the British Empire.
Large tracts of agricultural land were converted to sheep grazing in the reigns of the three Edwards', partly as a consequence of earlier labour reductions during the three plagues and further stimulated by price rises and large profits to be made from wool.
Besides handling the wool monopoly, tin, lead and later English cloth moved through Calais. 
By 1375 the Treaty of Bruges had left only Calais, Bayonne and Bordeaux.

Some terms derived from wool which have entered the English Language:
The term 'bishop' with his crook means 'shepherd', 'dyed in the wool', 'wool pulled over the eyes', 'wool-gathering', 'spinster', 'fleece a person' including 'Staple' & 'staple export' are terms derived from Edward III's Wool staple7.



                                                                Calais was held by England from 4th August 1347 until 1558

Following Edward IV and Hasting's return to England in 1471, William Hastings was prominent in the forces fighting the Lancastrians at Tewkesbury and  commanded the 3rd division at Barnet. Richard Neville, "The king-maker" was killed at Barnet. William commanded the English forces in France during Edward IV's brief campaign of 1475. He acted as chamberlain from 1461 until Edward's death in 1483
After Edward IV death in 1483  Thomas Grey earl Huntington,1st marquis of Dorset, took Edward IV's mistress [Elizabeth Jane Shore]1. It is said that William Hastings then took the former king's mistress from earl Grey for his own. There was certainly great enmity between the Greys' and the Hastings'.
Elizabeth [Jane] Shore [nee Lambert] who was  the daughter of a wealthy London mercer had married William Shore a goldsmith about 1470. She was renowned for her beauty and wit, her marriage was annulled due to her husbands impotence3.
Following William Hastings execution, Elizabeth Shore was accused of sorcery, she was imprisoned in the Tower of London and made to do public penance as a harlot, which was a tradition of the time, walking through London in her "kirtle" [a skirt cut short] carrying a lighted taper. She was freed by Thomas Lynon, a royal official who fell in love with her. She died in poverty, possibly in 1527.
Richard, Duke of Gloucester arrested Hastings on a false charge of treason on the 13th June 14831 and had him beheaded without trial [beheading for treason was common for nobility] the same day [some argue 14th or 20th] in the Tower of London. He is buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire.
The death of William Hastings as protector of Edward IV left the throne of England clear for Richard 5 who became Richard III in the same year, yet Richard was to meet his end only two years later at the Battle of Bosworth.
 

Yorkist Rose King Richard III was the last Yorkist king of England, he usurped the throne in 1483 and took his nephews Edward V and Richard. Their disappearance led to rumours that he had had them killed in the Tower of London. In 1674 two male skeletons were discovered sealed into one of the tower walls although the 1933 forensic examination of these bones did not lead to an identification.. However, if the D.N.A. was tested today there could be a determination. Importantly we now have Richard III's D.N.A. and as Edward V and Richard, the two 'princes in the Tower'  were nephews of Richard III through their common ancestors, Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York and his wife Cecily Neville it could be possible to make some determinations. However, even more intriguing, if  the princes D.N.A. were shown  to be related to Richard Plantagenet it might lay to rest the more recent claim that Edward IV, the father of the princes was the legitimate son of  Richard Duke of York. This claim has led some to believe that the true claim to the English crown lies in the Abney-Hastings line. Interestingly the present Crown refuses to have these bones tested, perhaps there is something to hide! For the suspected murders, King Richard III is considered to have been an evil and unscrupulous man. Hence the evolution of the modern Richard III Society to try to amend the image.

Although William Lord Hastings was beheaded, the Hastings family retained Ashby Manor in Leicestershire as William's son, Edward [b. 1466] supported the Royal cause at the Battle of Bosworth.


Edward Hastings [d.1506] was second baron Hastings and High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1483 This Edward had held this position previously four times in Edward IV's reign. No Sheriff of Yorkshire with the name Hastings appears after 1483. However the son of Edward Hastings, George, was re-created earl of Huntingdon [



George Hastings b. abt. 1488 d. 1545
Baron Hastings, Earl of Pembroke, was granted the earldom of Huntingdon ['1st earl of Huntingdon',  i.e. the title was re-created] on 8th December 1529, following William Herbert who had also been made the11th Earl of Pembroke. 

According to Graham Kirkby, George Hasting's son was christened by Henry VIII in 1529 as [Hon] Aubrey Craven Theophilus Robin Hood Hastings. It was Henry VIII who helped to popularise the story of Robin Hood for he, and therefore his Court were exposed to pageants, ballads and muscicians all extolling the virtues of the legend. It was with Anthony Munday's plays that the person loosely described as Robin of Locksley [from the 'Sloane Manuscript', 1600, and Dodsworth,1622] was raised to the level of an earl, echoing John Major's [1521] allusion to a "noble outlaw". Henry's chief antiquarian, John Leland in 1542 referred to Robin Hood as a nobleman. Did George Hastings, Henry VIII and the much older Robin Hood of ballads become inextricably linked here?  The title earl of Huntingdon certainly had a chequered past being the title of the last earl of Anglian descent executed by William I
see: Waltheof the Last Eorl   

George's Coat of Arms are emblazoned with a maunch, this could be from the fact that Lawrence Hastings was earlier, the 4th Earl of Pembroke who had two maunches quartered.
Earls of Huntingdon according to John Speed and The Complete Peerage:
 

JOHN SPEED2:

* Waltheof Earl of Huntington
* Simon de St. Lizours
* Henry Prince of Scotland
* William Clinton  E.- see Nottingham coup
* Guyfard Angolesme
* John Holland E.
* Thomas Grey E. [3rd son]
* William Herbert
* George Hastings

COMPLETE PEERAGE

Waltheof
Simon de St Liz
David I, king of Scotland
Henry of Scotland
Simon de St Liz II
Malcolm, king of Scotland
William the Lion, king of Scotland
Simon St Liz III
David of Scotland
John the Scot
William de Clinton
Cuichard d'Argle
John de Holand, later also duke of Exeter
John Holand
Henry Holand
Thomas Grey
William Herbert
George Hastings


 

Francis Hastings b.1514 d.1561
The second son of George Hastings through Anne Stafford of Ashby-de-la-Zouche became the 2nd Earl of Huntingdon in 1529 granted by Henry VIII. Francis was one of the Royalist leaders who helped to suppress The Pilgrimage of Grace [1536]. Francis married Catherine Pole [d.1576] possibly a descendant of the Pole family of Welshpool.



Hastings Arms. Henry Hastings b.abt.1535 d.1595 became the 3rd Earl of Huntingdon. He married Catharine the daughter of the Duke of Northumberland. His mother was Catherine Pole who was the great-granddaughter of the Duke of Clarence who was a brother to Edward IV and Richard III. As a result, Henry could have claimed succession to Elizabeth I but  he predeceased her.* He was a custodian for Mary Queen of Scots in 1569 and became president of the Council Of The North in 1572. He compiled a history of the Hastings lineages which is now held in the British Museum. Henry and Catherine had no issue thus the earldom passed to George Hastings. 

* Henry Hastings is unlikely to have 'dared claim the right to the crown as Elizabeth's successor. It must be remembered that Henry VIII killed Katherine Poole/Pole's father Henry and Henry Poole/Pole's mother Margaret countess of Salisbury, both on the ground that they were threats to his reign and succession. Henry Hastings would have been a fool to have made such a claim himself, though there was speculation about it. The Spanish Ambassador, De Quadra, wrote to Philip of Spain in 1560: "Should any disaster befall her [Elizabeth] I am told that the Catholics would choose for their King the son of the Countess of Lennox [James VI of Scotland]... The Queen professes to intend to nominate Hastings; but Hastings himself thinks that the Tower his more likely destination." (R.J. Beevor Hastings of Hastings, p. 17). I think he would have learnt some discretion, if only because of all of his grandfather, gt-grandmother, 2x g-uncle and 3x gt-grandfather had been executed on charges of high treason.' [Tim Powys-Lybbe ]


George Hastings
born abt. 1540 d. 1604 became the 4th Earl of Huntingdon, his son was Henry Hastings.
Henry Hastings
b.1560 d. 1650 does not appear to have carried the Earldom, a famous sportsman.
Henry Hastings b.1586 d.1643, the 5th Earl of Huntingdon. His two sons were Ferdinando Hastings and Henry baron of Loughborough
Ferdinando Hastings b.1608 d.1656 was the 6th Earl of Huntingdon. A suviving son, Theophilus Hastings succeeded to the Earldom. Note it was at this time that Anthony Munday introduced into his play, Robin Hood as the "Earl of Huntington"
Theophilus Hastings the 7th earl of Huntingdon. He had three children, George the 8th Earl, Theophilus the 9th Earl and Lady Elizabeth Hastings [1682-1739]
GeorgeHastings the 8th Earl of Huntingdon.
Theophilus II Hastings 9th earl of Huntingdon, b.1696 d.1746. He married in 1728 Selina [Countess of Huntingdon] b. 1707 d.1791. She was famous for her great beneficiaries to the Methodist movement throughout England. They had at least two children, Francis Hastings [b. 1729 d.1789] who did not marry and Elizabeth [b.1731 d.1808]. Elizabeth Hastings received the baronies of Hastings but the title earl of Huntington became dormant. Her husband was John Rawdon, Earl of Moira.
A descendant of Francis 2nd Earl of Huntington, Theophilus Henry Hastings [b.1728 d.1804] ASSUMED the title of earl of Huntingdon but did not prove his lineage before he died. His nephew Hans Francis Hastings did so. At this time Francis Rawdon-Hastings [b.1754 d.1826] was the 1st marquess of Hastings.
Hans Francis Hastings b. 1779 d.1828 proved his right to the earldom of Huntingdon in 1818 but not the baronies, whereafter he became a member of the House of Lords. By the time of Francis 10th Earl of Huntingdon's death on 2nd October 1789, due to the fact he had no issue, the the ancient baronies of Hastings, Botreux & De Moleyns devolved to his eldest sister,
Elizabeth (who later married the First Earl of Moira to become Countess Moira). The baronies were carried by her into the Rawdon family and are now possessed by the Countess of Loudon. 

Michael Hastings dies aged 71, 2013  - Michael was considered to be the true genetic line of the English Royal family.

The earldom of Huntington was suspended for 300 years from John Le Scot's death in 1327 at Darnhall [Cheshire] until 'recreated' in 1529 in George Hastings as the earldom of Huntingdon.. However according to John Speed, 1610, the earldom of Huntington was granted to William Clinton [Fiennes] in Edward I's time, Guyfard Angolesme, John Holland, Thomas Grey & William Herbert until the Eerldom of Huntingdon was 'recreated' in George Hastings.
This may explain why Munday the playwright in 1598 used 'Robin Hood'  for the first recorded time as an alias for  the earl of Huntington, because the title had been dormant for 271 years with the Scots. Did Henry VIII create the earldom of Huntingdon in deference to Munday's plays of which the king was so fond?

 

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See: EARL WARWICK
       TITLES OF THE NOBILITY
       MIDGLEY OF BRADFORD


Notes:
* This Ada de Huntington was also referred to as Ada [le] Scot[t] or Ca[e]nmore / Ceannmhor
# There is a Leybourne Grange near West Malling in Kent.
§ Maunch = a sleeve, The "Hastings Sleeve" was supposedly from the dress of Hugh de Hasting's wife, Erneburga de Flamville sometime after after 1130 A.D. When asked for a favour, not having anything loose to hand, she tore off  the sleeve which she then draped over Sir Hugh's shield before a tournament. Technically medieval women did not own property and thus gave "favours" to their knight. The French call the English Channel 'La Maunche' as, like a medieval sleeve, it is narrow at one end and wide at the other.


References:
1. Hallam, Elizabeth [Gen.Ed.] The Plantagenet Encyclopaedia, Tiger Books, London, 1996.
2. Speed, John, The Counties of Britain, 1610.
3. Johnson, Paul, The Life and Times of Edward III, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London,1973.
4. Bedingfield, Henry, Heraldry, Bison Books, 1993.
5. Hallam, Elizabeth [Ed.], The Plantagenet Encyclopaedia, Tiger Books, London, 1996
    [ from The Wars of the Roses, pp 252-5, 263, 282, 284, 286.]
6. Rayner Robert, A Concise History of Britain, Longmans & Green, 1934.
7. Lee Christopher, This Sceptered Isle, Penguin/BBC Books, 1997.

Copyright © Tim Midgley, January 2002, revised 1st February 2015.