About the year 1239 a deed shows that John Thornhill held lands in Sowerbyshire as Jordan his grandfather had granted to Hellie [Elias] Jordan's brother. [Baildon History, p. 28.] John Thornhill [1180-1249], granted to 'William, earl Warren, right to keep all his wild beasts, deer and fowls, in his land of Sowerbyshire, .... in exchange, that the said John Thornhill and his heirs, should take yearly, five stags of grease, and five hinds in winter, and make their whole commodity of all their lands and woods in Sowerbyshire, at their pleasure, without contradiction of the earl and his heirs.' - from an undated deed presented by Edward Savile in 6 Eliz. I [History of the Stansfeld Family pp. 78- 79; John Crabtree, History of Halifax, p. 405. ]
Sources: WCR 1274-1297, W. P. Baildon, 1900:
JOHN DE SOWERBY ALLEGEDLY CALLED JOHN DE MIGGELEY A USURER WHICH HE DENIED. [THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN AN SLANDEROUS INSULT IN THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY. USURY WAS CONSIDERED AN UNFIT OCCUPATION FOR CHRISTIANS BUT WAS PERMITTED TO BE UNDERTAKEN BY THE JEWS, ONE OF THE FEW OCCUPATIONS THE JEWISH WERE ALLOWED TO FOLLOW AT THIS TIME. ANOTHER SLANDER IN 1307 WAS TO CALL SOMEONE 'ROBERT DE BRUS'.]
1274, p1 SOUREBY [Sowerby]:
Johannes de Miggeley optulit se versus Johannem filium Roberti de Soureby, et dicit quod idem Johannes vocavit ipsum usuarium ; et ipse venit, et dicit quod non ; ideo ad legem, et legem suam fecit ut debuit ; ideo consideratum est quod dictus Johannes eat quietus sine die, et quod dictus Johannes de Miggeley sit in misericordia. Finivit xijd.
Quedam inquisicio concessa est per dominum Comitem Michaeli de Helistones, utrum idem Michael amisit ixs. per plegium Johannes de Helistones, ut patet ad Curiam precedentem apud Soureby, yel non ; et inquisicio inde venit per Hugonem filium Alani de Northland, Hugonem filium Mathei, Henricum del Ridyng? Willelmum filium Alayni, Henricum de Halifax, Yvonem de Soland, Philippum le Waleys, Henricum de Soland, Adam de Werloweley, Johannem de Miggeley, Soyer de Soureby, Ricardum filium Thome, Robertum Prepositum, Yvonem de Werloweley, Nelle Prepositum et Willelmum Prepositum; et preceptum est quod ista inquisicio veniat ad proximam Curiam apud Wakefeud.
1274, p. 80:
John de Miggeley against John son of Robert de Soureby, says that John called him a usurer, which the defendant denies. The defendant duely waged his law, and therefore goes quit. The plaintiff is amerced 12d. An inquisition was granted by the Earl to Michael de Helistones [to inquire] whether he had lost 6o.y. through the pledge of John de Helistones or not, as appears at the preceding Court at Soureby. The inquisition comes by Hugh son of Alan de Northland, Hugh son of Mathew, Henry del Ridyng, William son of Alan, Henry de Halifax, Ivo de Soland, Philip le Waleys, Henry de Soland, Adam de Werloweley, John de Miggeley, Soyer de Soureby, Richard son of Thomas, Robert the Grave, Ivo de Werloweley, Nelle the Grave, and William the Grave. The inquisition is ordered to come at the next Court at Wakefield.
1274, p. 9:
HYPERUM [Hipperholme]. Thomas homo Ricardi de Bateley optulit se versus Johannem filium Alicie de Hyperum, et dicit quod ipse die Nativitatis Sancti Johannis Baptiste ab eo cepit ix sagittas et unum par cirotecarum de precio iiijd. inter villatas de Hyperum, et ipsum verbis contumeliosis affecit, et ipsum verberavit, et caput suum fregit, ad dampnum suum ijs., contra pacem, vi et injuste, et inde sectam produxit. Et ipse venit et defendit contra Ricardum de Bateley et sectam suam omnia que ei inposuit ; et ipse petiit judicium eo quod defendit contra Ricardum de Bateley et non contra Thomam hominem suum. Ideo consideratum est quod dictus Thomas eat inde quietus, et quod dictus Johannes satisfaciet dicto Thome, et quod dictus Johannes sit in misericordia. Finivit xijd.; plegius Johannes de Miggeley.
1274, p. 88:
HYPERUM. Thomas the man of Richard de Bateley against John son of Alice de Hyperum, says that on the Nativity of S. John the Baptist [June 24th] he took from him 9 arrows and a pair of gloves, value 4d., within the township of Hyperum, and used insulting words to him, and beat him, and broke his head, to his damage of 2s. John came, and denied everything against Richard de Bateley and his suit. [The plaintiff] claimed judgment because [the defendant] defended "against Richard de Bateley," and not "against Thomas, his man." Therefore John must pay Thomas his damages, and is amerced 12d.; pledge, John de Miggeley.
1274, p. 11:
Alanus del Rod', rectatus de eodem, dat dimidiam marcam pro habendo respectu usque adventum Senescalli in Sourebyschire, plegius Johannes de Miggeley.
1274, p. 89:
Alan del Rodes, charged with the same offence, gives half a mark to have respite until the Steward's coming into Sourebyschire ; pledge, John de Miggeley.
JOHN DE MIGGELEY [FORESTER OF SOWERBY FOREST- see later] CHARGED WITH TAKING A STAG
1274, p. 13:
SOUREBY. Johannes de Miggeley, rectatus de capcione unius cervi in foresta de Soureby, ponet se in bona inquisicione apud Halifax vel Rastrik utrum inde sit culpabilis vel non ; plegii Johannes de Thorn' et Hayne de Soureby.
1274, p. 91:
SOUREBY. John de Miggeley, charged with taking a stag in Soureby forest, puts himself on a good inquisition at Halifax or Rastrik, whether he is guilty or not ; pledges, John de Thorn' and Hayne de Soureby.
A POACHER IN THE FOREST OF SOWERBY IS GIVEN SURETY BY JOHN DE MIGGELEY AND OTHERS
1274, pp. 15-16:
Dicunt eciam quod Johannes de Asberne, homo Stephani [I] le Waleys, et Hulle homo Thome de Thorneton, ceperunt unum cervum in foresta de Soureby; Et super hoc venit Adam filius Thome de Holgate, et invenit eos dictum cervum escoriantes ; et habuit idem Adam quamdam partem dicti cervi, set nesciunt porcionem. Ideo consideratum est quod dicti Johannes et Hulle arestantur per corpora eorum, si infra libertatem Comitis inveniuntur;
Et quod corpus dicti Ade filii Thome de Holgate, qui inde habuit partem, mittatur ad prisonam Comitis, et dat xls. pro existendo [sub manucapcione struck out,] [omnino quietus, plegii, interlined.] Johannis de Miggeley, Ade de Waddiswrth, et Nalke de Heptonstall; et est omnino quietus inde.
1274, p. 94:
They say also that John de Asberne, a man of Stephen le Waleys, and Hulle, a man of Thomas de Thorneton, took a stag in the Forest of Soureby. And thereupon came Adam, the son of Thomas de Holgate, and found them skinning the stag ; and Adam had a part of it, but they know not what portion. It is therefore considered that the said John and Hulle are to be arrested by their bodies, if they can be found within the Earl's liberty; and that the body of Adam son of Thomas de Holgate, who had part of it, be committed to the Earl's prison. He gives 40s. to be under the surety of John de Miggeley, Adam de Waddiswrth, and Nalke de Heptonstall, and is altogether quit.
JOHN DE MIGGELEY IS AQUITTED OF TAKING TIMBER FROM LORD WARRENE"S FOREST OF SOWERBY
1274, p. 16:
SOUREBY. Inquisicio de Soureby prescripta dicit quod Johannes de Miggeley, rectatus de iiij carratis bordi captis in foresta de Soureby, et factis de bosco domini Comitis sine empcione vel licencia alicujus Ballivi, quod ex dono Thome le Ragged et ex dono et concessione Thome de Garderoba ilium bordum habuit de quodam sicco vento prostrato. Ideo inde quietus.
1274, p. 95:
SOUREBY. The above inquisition of Soureby says concerning John de Miggeley, who is charged with four cart-loads of boards, taken in the Forest of Soureby, and made from the Earl's wood without buying it or having license of any Bailiff, that he had the boards from a certain dead tree, blown down by the wind, of the
gift of Thomas le Ragged and of the gift and grant of Thomas de Garderobe. Let him therefore go quit.
JOHN MIDGLEY AS A FORESTER OF SOWERBY FOREST IN 1274 HAD MANY TRESSPASSES MADE AGAINST HIM BY RICHARD HODDE.
1274, p. 17:
SOUREBY. Ricardus Hodde, quia presentavit false et odio plures transgressiones super Johannem de Miggeley et alios, forestarios de Soureby, in misericordia. Plegii Robertus Prepositus de Soureby et Alcok de Fryth ; in respectum usque adventum Comitis.
1274, p. 96:
SOUREBY. Richard Hodde is in mercy for falsely and through hate presenting many trespasses against John de Miggeley and others, the Foresters of Soureby. Pledges, Robert the Grave of Soureby and Alcok de Fryth. Respited until the Earl's coming.
JOHN DE MIGELEY THE FORESTER RESIDING AT HATHERSHELF, MYTHOLMROYD, ALLEGEDLY TAKES A STAG IN THE FOREST OF SOWERBY BUT IS FOUND TO BE A 'GOOD AND TRUE MAN' OF THE EARL.
1274, p. 15:
CURIA apud Rastrik die Lune proxima post festum Sancti Eadmundi de Pontenyaco, anno predicto, tempore predicti.
SOUREBY. Inquisicio facta de malefactoribus in foresta de Soureby venit per Adam ad Crucem, Johannem filium Elye, Johannem filium Jacobi, Johannem de Grenehirst, Rogerum filium Johannis, Johannem filium Willelmi de Routonstall, Ricardum Fox, Adam de Waddiswrth, Johannem filium Thome de Holgate, Ricardum Talevaz, Willelmum de Stodley, Henricum de Stodley, Willelmum del Birkenschawe,Willelmum Prepositum de Soureby, Elyam Prepositum de eadem,
Thomam de Westwod, Johannem de Roaldesete, Ricardum filium Johannis, Thomam de Roaldesete, Rogerum filium Ed[wardi], Willelmum de Nuteschawe, Matheum filium Cecilie, Willelmum filium Symonis, Vvonem de Soland, Hugonem filium Alani, Johannem de Northland, Henricum de Halifax, Henricum atte-ryding, Henricum de Lytheseles, Alanum filium Juliane, Ricardum del Pendant, Adam Migge, Jordanum filium Johannis, Ricardum del Dene, Willelmum del
Holm, Henricum [fratrem?] Hanecok, Rogerum filium Roberti, Adam de Warlowel', et Hugonem filium Mathei, qui dicunt per sacramentum suum quod Johannes de Migeley, rectatus de capacione unius cervi, ut patet ad Curiam apud Wakefeud, omnino inde quietus est, eo quod nullum cepit, set in omnibus erga Comitem et omnes alios est fidelis et bonus. Et quod magis est ad proficuum Comitis quod dictus Johannes teneat quamdam terram apud Haderschelf prope forestam quam non, eo quod forestam Comitis per posse suum custodit, sicut forestarius. Idem Johannes rectatus fuit quod debuit recepisse de catallis Hugonis de Barkeshere fugitivi iiij boves et xviij bidentes ; dicunt per sacramentum suum quod nichil habuit de catallis suis eo quod coronator domini Regis per per inquisicionem dicta catalla ad opus domini Regis disracionavit
Dicunt eciam quod Johannes de Asberne, homo Stephani le Waleys, et Hulle homo Thome de Thorneton, ceperunt unum cervum in foresta de Soureby; Et super hoc venit Adam filius Thome de Holgate, et invenit eos dictum cervum escoriantes ; et habuit idem Adam quamdam partem dicti cervi, set nesciunt porcionem. Ideo consideratum est quod dicti Johannes et Hulle arestantur per corpora eorum, si infra libertatem Comitis inveniuntur; Et quod corpus dicti Ade filii Thome de Holgate, qui inde habuit partem, mittatur ad prisonam Comitis, et dat x\s. pro existendo [sub manucapcione struck out,] [omnino quietus, plegii, interlined,] Johannis de Miggeley, Ade de Waddiswrth, et Nalke de Heptonstall; et est omnino quietus inde.
Dicunt eciam quod omnes forestarii de Sourebyschire rectati de pluribus transgressionibus in foresta, velud de venacione, viride, et porcis permissis in foresta pro denariis, de quibus Comes nichil habuit, omnino sunt quieti, eo quod in omnibus erga Comitem et omnes alios sunt boni et fideles, et ballivam suam in omnibus bene
COURT at Rastrik on the Monday after the feast of S. Edmund of Pontigny [Nov. 22nd], in the said year , and in the time of the said [Steward].
SOUREBY. The inquisition touching the evildoers in the Forest of Soureby comes by Adam at the Cross, John son of Elias, John son of James, John de Grenehirst, Roger son of John, John son of William de Routonstall, Richard Fox, Adam de Waddiswrth, John son of Thomas de Holgate, Richard Talevaz, William de Stodley,
Henry de Stodley, William del Birkenschawe, William the Grave of Soureby, Elias the Grave of the same, Thomas de Westwod, John de Roaldesete, Richard son of John, Thomas de Roaldesete, Roger son of Edward, William de Nuteschawe, Matthew son of Cicely, William son of Simon, Ivo de Soland, Hugh son of Alan, John de Northland, Henry de Halifax, Henry atte Ryding, Henry de Lytheseles, Alan son of Juliana, Richard del Pendant, Adam Migge, Jordan son of John, Richard del Dene, William del Holm, Henry [? brother of] Hanecok, Roger son of Robert, Adam de Warloweley, and Hugh son of Matthew; who say on their oath that John de Migeley, who is charged with taking a stag, as appears at the Court at Wakefield, is quit thereof, because he took nothing, but is in all things a good and true man towards the Earl and all others. And [they say] that it is rather to the Earl's profit than not that the said John should hold certain land near the Forest, at Haderschelf [Hathershelf*], because he keeps the Earl's Forest as well as he is able, being the Forester.
The said John was charged that he ought to have received four oxen and 16 sheep, the chattels of Hugh de Barkeshere, a fugitive. [The jury] say on their oath that he was not able to have any part of those chattels because the King's Coroner claimed them for the King's use, by an inquisition.
They say also that John de Asberne, a man of Stephen le Waleys, and Hulle, a man of Thomas de Thorneton, took a stag in the Forest of Soureby. And thereupon came Adam, the son of Thomas de Holgate, and found them skinning the stag ; and Adam had a part of it, but they know not what portion. It is therefore considered that the said John and Hulle are to be arrested by their bodies, if they can be found within the Earl's liberty;1 and that the body of Adam son of Thomas de Holgate, who had part of it, be committed to the Earl's prison. He gives 40s. to be under the surety of John de Miggeley, Adam de Waddiswrth, and Nalke de Heptonstall, and is altogether quit.
THE FORESTERS OF THE FOREST OF SOWERBYSHIRE ARE AQUITTED OF ALL
They say also that all the foresters of Sourebyschire, who are charged with very many offences in the Forest, such as hunting, vert, and allowing pigs in the Forest for moneys of which the Earl gets no part, are altogether quit, because they are in all things good and true men towards the Earl and all others, and keep their bailiwick well in all respects.
Sowerby had a castle, manor and a forest or a free chase called the forest of Sowerby or forest of Sowerbyshire. It contained 'great wastes' [perhaps open moorland], woods, mountains, hills, 'wild and savage beasts' such as stags, bucks, does and wild boars.
Forests were held by the king which contained harts, hinds, hares, boars and wolves, whereas chases which were held by the king's subjects tended to hold bucks, does, foxes, martens and roe deer.
The Forest of Sowerbyshire
According to Samuel Midgley's History of Halifax, this included the towns and hamlets of : Halifax, Ovenden, Illingworth, Mixenden, Bradshaw, Skircoat, Warley, Sowerby, Rishworth, Luddenham, Midgley, Erringden [marked by Eringden Grange], Heptonstall, Rawtenstall [Lancs.], Stansfield, Cross Stone [N.E. of Todmorden] and Langfield [S.E. of Todmorden]. Crabtree in his history of Halifax adds Wadsworth to this list.
The true boundaries of the forest of Sowerby or the forest proper encompassed the townships of Sowerby, Erringden [within which was a park] and perhaps Warley. [Crabtree's Halifax History. pp. 404, 406.]
Sowerbyshire was more extensive and included the townships and vills of: Soyland, Erringden, Rishworth, Skircoat, Halifax, Midgley, Ovenden, Holdsworth, Stansfield, Heptonstall, Wadsworth, Rawtenstall, Langfield, Warley and Saltonstall. However, Barkisland and Norland were not within the forest and from the fines imposed for stray animals on the vills of Midgley and Luddenden, they seem not to have been part of the forest either
The male inhabitants of Sowerbyshire were known as 'the men of Sowerbyshire', although a later name for Sowerbyshire is the forest of Hardwick. According to John Watson in his history of Halifax, Sowerby was Hardwick.
|The probable limits to the forest of Sowerby proper within the parish of Halifax and its surrounding townships. Sowerbyshire appears to have been co-extensive with this parish.|
*HATHERSHELF, Mytholmroyd, occupies the steep hillside by which the uplands of Sowerby descend to the Calder. WCR has Haderschelf in 1274, Hadirchelf in 1275, Haderschelf in 1307, and Hadreshelf in 1326, while HW 1554 gives Hathershelf. The termination is from OE scylf, a shelf or ledge of land, and the prefix may well be the OE Hathra recorded by Searle. Hence the interpretation ' Hathra's shelf of land.' [Place Names of South-West Yorkshire, Goodall, A., C.U.P. 1931.]
1275, p. 27:
SOUREBY. Thomas de Langf[eud ?] filius Johannis, rectatus de transgressione facta in foresta de Soureby, invenit hos plegios, scilicet, Henricum de Stodley, Robertum de Langffeud], Ricardum del Syk', Johannem de Miggeley, Geppe de Wytewrth, Willelmum Fullonem, ad ponendum se in bona inquisicione apud Rastrik, utrum sit inde culpabilis vel non.
1275, p. 105:
SOUREBY. Thomas de Langfeud, son of John, charged with a trespass in the Forest of Soureby, finds these pledges, namely, Henry de Stodley, Robert de Langfeud, Richard del Syk', John de Miggeley, Geppe de Wyteworth and William the Fuller, that he will put himself upon an inquisition at Rastrik, as to whether he be guilty or not.
ADAM DE MIGGELE HAS A HOOD AND RING STOLEN FROM HIS RESIDENCE
TURNUS apud Halifax die Martis proxima ante festum Ascencionis Domini, anno in alia parte rotuli tittulato. Adam de Waddeswrth, Rogerus de Rastrick, Adam de Miggele, Henricus de Rischewrth, Johannes de Aldewrth, Johannes de Miggeley [from this roll Adam seems to be John's father], Hugo filius Alani de Northlaund, Johannes del Grenhirst, Henricus de Stodley, Elias Prepositus de Werloley, Michael de Routonstal, et Ivo de Solaund, jurati, etc
Dicunt super sacramentum suum [quod] Cecilia filia Willelmi de [This appears to be struck out.] Norman noctanter burgavit domum Margerie del Pendaunt, et in eadem domo cepit farrinam, butirum, caseum, et quamdam camisiam, et omnia ista asportavit ad domum Johannis filii Ade Molendinarii , viri sui, eo nesciente. Quare preceptum est quod dicta Cecilia capiatur, si inveniri poterit. Item dicunt quod Johannes Lovekyn recettavit homines domini Stephani le Waleys qui interfecerunt quemdam cervum in Crumliswrthebouthum [?], per tinam noctem. Quare preceptum est quod capiatur, si inveniri poterit. Item dicunt quod Nalle filia Ricardi le Kittewritt' de Norlaund furavit et cepit unum lintheamen de sepe Roberti de Saltunstal, et unum capucium cum una virga de camera Ade [Adam] de Miggele tractavit; et eadem Nalle cepit quatuor ulnas et dimidiam de lineo panno que fuerunt Johannis de Noteschawe. Ideo preceptum est quod capiatur si inveniatur. Set ubi recettata erat nesciunt.
1275, p. 116:
TOURN at Halifax on Tuesday before Ascension Day [May 23rd], in the said year . Adam de Waddeswrth, Roger de Rastrick, Adam de Miggele, Henry de Rischewrth, John de Aldewrth, John de Miggeley, Hugh son of Alan de Northlaund, John del Grenhirst, Henry de Stodley, Elias the Grave of Werloley, Michael de Routonstal, and Ivo de Solaund, sworn, etc.
They say on their oath that Cicely daughter of William Norman burgled the house of Margery del Pendaunt by night, and took flour, butter, cheese, and a smock, and carried them all to the house of John son of Adam the Miller, her husband, without his knowledge. She is to be arrested if she can be found. They say also that John Lovekyn harboured for one night the men of Sir Stephen le Waleys [Of Burghwallis], who killed a hart in Crumliswrthebouthum [?] [Probably Cromwell'sbottom]
He is to be arrested if he can be found. Also that Nalle daughter of Richard the Kittewritt' of Norlaund, stole a sheet from the hedge of Robert de Saltunstal, and a hood and a ring [translation doubtful. Virga, has various meanings, but 'ring' seems the most likely here.] from the chamber of Adam de Miggele, and 41/2 ells of linen from John de Noteschawe. She is to be arrested if she can be found. They do not know where she was harboured.
1275, p. 63:
RAVENESFEUD [Ravensfield]. Baudewinus le [sic] Sceyville et Matheus Prepositus de Sothil, qui manuceperunt pro domino Johanne de Heton usque istam Curiam ad finiendum pro defaltis suis, vel ad intrandum quatuor boves, duos equos, in districcionem, venerunt, et intraverunt dicta averia, et habent respectum usque proximam Curiam, ita quod ea averia tune habeant apud Wakefeud ad faciendum et recipiendum voluntatem Seneschalli. Adam de Miggeley venit et intravit quatuor averia per ipsum repleviata usque ad istam Curiam, que capta fuerunt pro districcione super dominum Adam de Heveringham pro secta Curie, et adhuc habet respectum usque proximam Curiam, ita quod ea averia ad tune faciat intrare. Omnes alii athachiati pro transgressionibus super ipsos presentatis ad Turnum, quorum nomina in Turno patent, adhuc habent respectum usque adventum Seneschalli.
1275, p. 141:
RAVENESFEUD. Baldwin le [sic] Sceyville and Matthew the Grave of Sothil who were sureties for Sir John Heton up to this Court, that he should either make fine* for his defaults or else bring in 4 oxen and 2 horses [taken] in distress came, and brought in the said cattle, and they have respite until the next Court, on condition that they then produce the said cattle at Wakefeud, to do and receive the Steward's will. Adam de Miggeley came, and brought in 4 beasts, replevied by him until this Court, which were taken in distress upon Sir Adam de Heveringham for suit of Court. He has further respite until the next Court, on condition that he brings them in then. All others attached for trespasses presented against them at the Tourn, and whose names appear in the Tourn, have respite until the Steward's coming.
* There were no taxes but court fines were imposed. These were first begun under Henry III and were a way to collect money on a regular basis for the manors &c. It was from these court fines that the modern taxation system evolved! Obviously it was in the lord's interest to have each tenant keeping a look-out for any offenders and to report them. This system would have been very open to abuse where neighbour might be set against neighbour in a dispute, all to the lord's advantage.
HOLNE. Alanus films Rogerus de Wlve .......dat domino xijd. pro licencia capiendi duas ................de Everingham dat domino vjs. viijd. pro respectu habendo de secta Curie usque festum ...........plegii ...............de Miggeley et Michael filius R........... de eadem.
1275, p. 146:
HOLNE. Alan son of Roger de Wlve[ley?], .......gives 12d. for license to take two .............de Everingham gives 6s. 8d. to have respite of suit of
Court until ; ................pledges, ......................de Miggeley and Michael son of R . . . . de Miggeley [de eadem].
1277, p. 158:
Inquisition taken as to a trespass in the forest committed by William le Flemang, Thomas de Thorneton and Richard de Dewesbiry; by the oath of John de Haldewrth, Philip de Fersele, Adam de Miggeley, Adam de Hyllingwrth, Jordan del Rokes, Henry de Mixenden, William de Schypeden, Adam de Uuerom, Adam de Waddeswrth, John de Miggele, Roger de Rastrik, and Alcok del Frith, who say that they [the defendants] sent their dogs to run in the common chase, and that one of them, a hare-hound [leporarius], ran on into the Earl's liberty against their will, but did no harm. It is considered that they are quit.
1277, p. 159:
SOUREBY. Thomas de Conhale withdraws his complaint against Thomas de Langef[feud] and Robert de Langeley; they are therefore quit. The plaintiff and his pledge are amerced 12d. Pledge, John de Miggeley.
1277, p. 167:
SOUREBY. Adam de Miggeley, for the escape of a mare, 6d.; pledge, John, his son.
1277, Adam de Cunhale, for 2 oxen, 6d.; pledge, John de Miggeley.
1277, p. 168:
SOUREBY. Robert Talevace and John, his brother, charged with killing a stag in Soureby forest, give 40s. to be under the surety of Richard, their father, Adam de Waddeswrth, Richard del Redyker, William del Heygrode, Michael de Sothyll, and Richard son of Yvo [Ivo] de Miggeley; and Richard, their father, gave surety for both the defendants that they would keep the peace with all men, especially with all the Earl's Bailiffs, and that if they shall offend against the Earl's Bailiffs or in the Earl's forest, he Richard, their father, for his sons and for all the pledges, will make full satisfaction and answer. In consideration of the above fine they are quit of this trespass.
Richard de Miggeley, for a sow and 3 young pigs ; 12d.
SOURBY. Robert de Marchedene gives 2s. for license to take a bovate of land in Sourby from Hugh son of William del Hol [?], for a term of 12 years ; pledge, John de Miggeley.
SOURBY. John de Miggeley, for the escape of 5 beasts, 6d.; pledge, William son of Alexander.
TOURN at Halifax on Monday, in the Feast of St. Edmund the King [Nov. 22nd], in the year abovesaid .
Twelve jurors : Roger de Rastrik, Richard de Stansefeud, Henry de Rissewrth, Thomas de Langgefeud, Thomas de Coppeley, Adam de Waddeswrth, Adam de Miggeley, Adam the Clerk, John de Haldewrth, John de Miggeley, Hugh son of Alan, and Thomas de Connale, who say that the wife of John the Grave sold ale contrary to the assize; she is amerced 6d.
Hugh son of Reginald de Miggeley finds pledges for keeping the peace with Richard de Miggeley, viz. Robert the Grave, William de Sothill, Elias de Sakelestonstal, Gilbert the Fuller, Roger del Foldes, and Otes de Lytheseles. He was unwilling to find pledges, and is fined 2s. for contempt; pledge, Henry de Mixhynden.
1285 p. 193:
SOURBY. Adam de Miggeley, for the escape of 3 pigs, 6d.; pledge, Richard his son.
1285 At Sourby:
Hotes [Otis] de Soland gives 12d. for an inquisition as to the goods of Alice de Miggeley. They afterwards agreed under license.
1285, p. 209:
SOURBY. Richard son of Ivo de Miggeley, for the escape of 4pigs, 12d., pledge, Ivo his son.
1286, p. 225:
SOUREBY. Hugh de Slanedene [Salendene], for 14 beasts, 25.; pledge, ...........de Miggeley (sic).
ADAM AND JOHN ARE TWO OF THE TWELVE JURORS AT THE HALIFAX TOURN
1286, p. 230:
TOURN at Alifax on the Monday after the Nativity of Blessed Mary [Sept. 8th], in the year, etc. .
The twelve jurors of Sourebyschyre : Henry de Rissewrth, Richard del Dene, Richard de Stansefeud, John de Miggeley, John de Haldewrth, Peter Swerd, Adam de Waddeswrth, Adam de Miggeley, Ivo de Werloley, Hugh son of Alan de Northlande, John de Trymigham and Ivo de Solande, who say on their oath that Robert Talevaz obstructed a path in Waddeswrth. Ordered that [the obstruction] be thrown down. Fine, 6d.; pledges, Thomas de Coppeley and Hugh son of Ryg'.
1286 p. 231:
Robert the Grave pays fine of 6d. for taking Richard's mare in a like manner; pledge, John de Miggeley.
About 1288 [16 Ed. I] Geppe de Dene was elected forester for
Sowerbyshire [History of Halifax, Crabtree, p. 405.] His name
suggests he was from Luddenden Dean and it is noteworthy that as a
forester he had to be elected. He may be the same person as Geppe the
fuller [below] as there were fulling mills on Luddenden Dean.
1296, p. 245:
Roger Rotel gives 12d. for license to take half bovate of land from Nolle [?] Bybby, to himself and his heirs for ever, doing service, etc.; pledge, John de Miggeley.
1296, p. 245:
John de Miggeley complains of Hanne de Holgate for trespass; he withdraws and gives 6d. for license of concord. Pledge, William de Locwoode.
OSSETE. Richard Broun of Heton gives 6d. for license to marry Amabel his daughter. Pledge, Robert Pes.
Richard son of Hugh de Schipeden, indicted at the Tourn Rastrik for stealing 8 sheep [bidentes] puts himself on the verdict the following : John de Tofteclive, Robert de Mirefeud, Henry Lepton, Thomas de Thorneton, William de Schipeden, Adam Hode, Adam de Midelton, John de Haldewrth, John de Miggeley, Edmund Normaund, William de Rastrik, and Simon Dodeman ; who say oath that he is a good and true man. He therefore goes quit.
1297, p. 272:
SOUREBY. William the Chapman complains of Geppe the Folur for trespass; pledge, Bate the Lister [tinctor] of Halifax. He is attached by John de Miggeley.
1297, p. 273:
Geppe the Fulur [fuller], defendant, essoigns against William the Chapman, by John de Miggeley, in a plea of trespass ; pledge, William del Okes.
1297, p. 284:
Robert son of William the Tanner against Thomas de Sothill, claims 5s. from him as pledge for Thomas de Schakelton. An inquisition finds for the plaintiff. The defendant must satisfy it; fine 6d.; pledges, John the Miller of Miggeley and Richard son of William de Miggeley [de eadem].
1297, p. 284:
Juliana Wade complains of John de Nutesschawe on an agreement; pledge, John de Miggeley.
1297, p. 285:
12 JURORS. - Henry de Rissewrth, Richard del Dene, Thomas de Langefeud, William de Herteley, William de Stodley, Richard the Tailor of Waddewrth, William de Schakelton, John de Miggeley, Thomas de la Sale of Northland, Adam de Hillingwrth, Thomas de Connhale, and William the son-in-law of Juliana de Halifax, who say on their oath that Peter son of William de Saltonstall stole a russet super-tunic, and a piece of cloth, etc., from William de Geldehirde's house, which he burgled, and fled the country. He is to be attached by his body. Alice, formerly wife of Roger del Helm, drew blood from her own arm, and maliciously charged it on Michael son of Roger del Wyteleye. She is to come before the Steward to answer the same. [Margin: vacat.]
1297, p. 290:
SOUREBY. John de Nuteschatwe gives 12d. for license of concord with Gilbert de Halifax, John his brother and Juliana Wade, in a plea of debt ; she pays him 2s. 6d. for all actions between them ; pledge, William de Castelford. Juliana Wade gives 6d. for license of concord with John de Nuteshaghe ; pledge, John de Miggeley.
JOHN IS FINED FOR TAKING TIMBER WITHOUT A LICENCE FROM THE EARL
1297, p. 291
John de Miggeley, for vert, 6d.-, pledge, William the Grave.
1297, p. 305:
SOUREBY. John de Miggeley carried away the Earl's timber ; fine 2s.; pledges, Roger the Grave and Adam Migge.
SOUREBY. Adam Migge was the Grave [an administrative official elected by the inhabitants of a township] for the Graveship of Sowerby [p. 283.]
A graveship was either a subdivision of a large parish which did not follow parish boundaries or a collection of several small parishes, so called because it was administered by an official called a Grave.
In King Edward I's final year  'Roger the vicar of Rochdale' was
amerced 20s. for hunting and killing a deer in Sowerbyshire. [History
of Halifax, Crabtree, p. 405.]
Also see W.C.R.