Three Caltraps abreast Heraldry of some Yorkshire Families

The arms shown below are constructed from the blazons and descriptions provided by various authors1
The Arms of families include, Armitage, Aune, Barnby, Beaumont, Bosvile, Butler, Collingwood, Crossland, De Busli
De Laci, De Luvetot, Dronsfield, Eland, Everingham, FitzAlan, FitzSwein, FitzWilliam, Foliot, Frobisher, Furnival, Gledhill, Le Scrope, Lisours, Lockwood, Mauleverer, Mauley, Midgley, Monk Bretton, Montague, Muschamp, Nevil[le], Newmarch, Pilkington, Roddam, Rushworth/ Rishworth, Savile, Scargill, Spencer, Stainton, Stanhope, Stansfield, Swillington, Tankersley, Thornhill, Wadsley, Waleys, Washington, Waterton, Warrene, Wentworth, Wortley.

Note: Armorial bearings do NOT belong to all persons of a given surname and may rightfully be borne ONLY by the descendants of the individual to whom they were first granted or allowed [the Armiger], according to the Laws of Arms of England. 
Note that in some cases the original Norman-French names may have been anglicised by adopting the place of residence as the surname [ e.g. Wyan Marmions took the name de Stansfield]. 
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Arms of Adam Fitz Swein Adam FitzSwein of Cawthorne
Arms [blazon]: Or a lion rampant Sable1
Adam was the son of Swein FitzAilric, Lord of Cawthorne, who in turn was the son of Ailric FitzRichard [d. after 1066]. These arms appear to have been applied by Swein's descendants, for the art of heraldry did not begin to formalise until the reign of Henry I Beauclerc.

De Busli* [Buslei/Busley] of Tickhill
An early De Busli coat of arms. i] An early coat was Argent two bars Sable, this was in use during trhe time that the De Buslis were at Tickhill.13 
At the time of the Domesday survey, Roger De Busli held the manor of Hallam from Judith De Lens. Judith was the wife of the executed earl Waltheof and the neice of William I of England. De Busli held 46 manors in Yorkshire 86 in Nottinghamshire [170 acc. to Thoroton] and many in Derbyshire, Leicestershire and Devonshire. .De Busli only appears significantly in D.B. for his family name expired with his brother Ernaldus's gt-gt-grand-daughter, Idonea, who took the estates to her husband, Robert De Veteri-Ponte [Vipont] upon marriage. Other lands passed through Roger De Busli's sister, Beatrix who married William Hastings Count of Eu, Lord Hastings, which line eventually expired upon marriage to Raoul De Lusignan. 
* This is the style used in D.B. [Bvsli]

ii] The coat of arrms: Gules, one bezant12 is apparently a later one which has only been known to appear on a Clifford monument in Skipton church.13

Arms of De Busli of Tickhill.



Arms of De Luvetot De Luvetot of Sheffield Manor and Hallamshire11
Arms: Argent, a lion rampant parti per fess gules and sable [Sheffield Parish Church, from Dodsworth's ms.] Note: 
Variants in tinctures are: 
1. Or a lion rampant parti per fess Gules and Sable [Luvetot House of Worksop]
2. Argent a lion rampant parti per fess gules and sable.
3. Parti per fess Or an Gules a lion rampant parti per fess Sable and Argent. [Ecclesfield Church]
4. Or a lion rampant parti per fess Sable and Gules [Given in time of Edward III]

  Foliot Arms
Of Norton SouthYorkshire. Granted during Henry III's regn. [Roll of arms temp. Henry III]
Blazon : Gules a bend Arg. "de goulz ung bend d'argent"

Ancient arms of Foliot

ancient Foliot arms

These arms are similar to De Laci of Pontefract who were the Foliots overlords. This usage of the overlord's arms with tincture or charge variation is not unusual [see Furnival, Wadsley and Wortley below].

Blazon: Argent a lion rampant purpure.

FurnivalArms of Furnival
Arms: Argent, a bend between six martlets gules.
"Martlets borne in arms signify that the bearer aquired nobility by his bravery and prowess or by his intelligence, and that he had little wealth or means of subsistence at first but lived on his aquisitions... for the martlet is painted without feet like something that is without foundation. And those who bear these birds dwell in courts of lords or Kings, and they live on the bounty of their lords. Yet they are noble. It is not by wealth and riches alone that nobility is aquired, but by deeds of prowess and other good habits".- The Lyyfr Dysgread Arfau  1300's 15
Crest: A horses helmet argent with a plume of three feathers Or. [Jos. Hunter's Hallamshire]11
                 .The Furnival horses helmet from  Hunter's Hallamshire.

Wadsley of Wadsley and Worral, near Sheffield. From the time of Henry II to Henry VII when they were absorbed into the Everinghams of Stainborough. We can see how the arms are similar to the Furnivals under whose banner they fought, the charges on the bend are reminiscent of the Tankersley family of Tankersley. The Wadsleys' held the area of Loxley Chase and Loxley Common between Wadsley and Worral before this time.12
Arms : Argent on a bend Gules three escallops of the first between six martlets of the second [12, p.36].
Arms of Wadsley

Wortley of Wortley [West of Tankersley]. We can see from this that the Wortleys appear to have not only had Arms of Wortley of Wortley a a feudal relationship with the Furnivals but also the De Busli family of Tickhill.
Arms: Argent on a bend Gules three bezants between six martlets of the second.12

Everingham of Stainborough 
Arms of Everingham Arms: Gules a lion rampant Vair
Stainborough Castle came within the Honour of Pontefract held by the De Laci family. Later a branch of the Everinghams of Laxton, Notts. appear to have occupied a hall to the east which now lies beneath 'Wentworth Castle'. Stainborough was probably first occupied by the Everingham family in the early 1200's or earlier. Sir Adam of Everingham and Stainborough sided first with Henry III but later took up arms with other barons under Simon De Montfort against Henry in the ill-fated Battle of Evesham. Adam was also a Keeper of Sherwood. In the 1300's the Everingham line married into the Watertons. The Everinghams also held land at Lepton near Huddersfield and would therefore be likely to have known William De Bellomonte and his son Richard who also held land there, Roger 'Helle' De Laci and Roger Montbegon, Lord of Hornsby, overlord and mesne lord respectively18
+ Vair was possibly a symbolic representation of  the fur of the Russian squirrel, it varied in the appearance.of its coat.

Waterton : originally from Waterton, Lincolnshire. In 1408 a branch in John Waterton held the manor of Methley. Thomas Waterton of Walton Hall near Wakefield held Cawthorne Manor in I Elizabeth I1. Crescents may represent what were originally metal bosses which were hammered to the shield to provide further protection against weapons.11

Arms: Gules, three bars ermine, over all three crescents sable1Arms of Waterton
Note:  ermine tails could be reduced in number and enlarged.
An unproven claimant to the Lordship of Everingham of Laxton [Nottinghamshire], David Alexander Richard Waterton-Anderson, states that the Waterton's on the distaff had a shield of six equal horizontal divisions, starting at the top with ermine then gules repeated. Three crescents sable are placed over this field in a manner which one would expect to find with three crescents displayed on a single colour shield [Barry of six ermine gules three crescents sable].
In the 9th year of Henry VI [1441] Robert Waterton, miles.of Methley Hall was a sheriff for Yorkshire He acted as the guardian for Richard Duke of York, the disputed father of Edward IV. Richard was raised at Pontefract Castle and Methley Hall.16[p65] See external links:

 Wars of the Roses
  Nevil, Nevill, Nevile, Neville. 

Nevile of Hornby [Lancashire]

Geoffrey De Nevil of Raby [Durham], Brierley [South Yorkshire].

A senior branch10[p66] descending from Galfrid [Geoffrey] De Nevile Sheriff of Yorkshire and Northumberland d. 1242. He was governor of Scarbrough Castle, Sheriff of Yorkshire and Northumberland & Chief Justice of the King's Forest beyond Kent d.1285. He married Lady Margaret De Longvilliers of Hutton Longvilliers [Hutton Magna], Durham in 1268.
Blazon : Gules a saltire Argent 10[p66]

Nevile of Hornby [Lancs]
Nevile senior branch A cadet branch10[p66], Robert De Nevil sheriff of Yorkshire and Northumberland d~1276  a younger brother of Geoffrey.
Blazon : Argent a saltire Gules10[p66]

Arms of Nevil, Chevet Hall. Nevil[le] of Chevet ('Chute') Hall
Sir Thomas Nevil Kt.
Blazon: Gules a saltire argent charged with a martlet sable [impaling Furnival]
Arms found on a monument to Lady Joan Nevil [nee Furnival] at Barlborough Church. She married Sir Thomas de Nevile [d.1406] Lord of Sheffield and Hallamshire.

John Nevil was sheriff of Yorkshire 1518, 1523 1527. He resided at Chevet Hall near Crigglestone. John was implicated in the Rising of the North in 1541against Henry VIII because he did not notify his superiors of the impending rebellion. His daughter Mary Nevile married Sir Gervase Clifton, Sheriff of Nottingham who held the Wakefield Manor.

As a comparison we have Nevile of Hallingbury Essex, the cadet line descending from Geoffrey De Nevile of Walcot which gave rise to the De Nevile line of Foresters of England.
Blazon : Azure a lion rampant Or crined and langued Gules.


  Lisours [Lizours] of Sprotborough
Arms : Per fess Azure and Or
Robert De Lisours, son of Fulk De Lisours, was the Lord of Sprotbrough near Doncaster in the first half of the  1100's. He married Albreda [Aubrey] De Laci of Pontefract in 1113, this ultimately led to her grandson, John  De Lisours who assumed the name De Laci from his grandmother, which in turn led to the line of De Laci. Albreda  married secondly Sir William FitzWilliam Lord of Elmley near Wakefield who gained Sprotborough through Albreda, this led to the line of FitzWilliams of Sprotbrough and Emley and eventually into the Wentworth line.

Arms of Wentworth Wentworth of Woolley.
Arms: Sable, a chevron between three leopards' faces or1.
From the 1612 Visitation by The College of Arms the Wentworth Arms were recognised on 5th August 1665 at Barnsley.

Beaumont of Whitley Beaumont:
Arms: Gules, a lion rampant arg., langued and armed azure, Arms of Beaumont
           within an orle of nine crescents of the second1.
Crest: A bull's head erased, quarterly argent and gules.
Motto: Fide sed cui vide: "Trust, but mind [see] whom you trust”. 

It was not uncommon for tenants to adopt some aspect of their overlords armorial bearings, thus if we compare the de Laci pupure lion rampant we see the same lion but in argent on the Beaumont arms, the lion rampant originated with the major land owner, Adam FitzSwein. Whittaker states that the orle of crescents suggests a success in battle against the Saracens. Whittaker also claims that the crescent indicates that the holder had been honoured by the regent, thus this coat of arms may have served nine sovereigns during its time.17 Generally, however, it is agreed that the crescent was a device to distinguish the arms of cadet members of a family.20 The Beaumonts or Bellomontes of West Yorkshire became tenants of the de Laci honour of Pontefract about 1190.

In 1584 Robert Glover, the Somerset Herald, visited 'the Church of Hotherfeild' [Huddersfield] and found and effigy of 'an ould knight kneeling' with the following 5 coats of arms22:

1. Gules, a lion rampant between six crescents argent [i.e. Beaumont] impalement broken.

2. Beaumont as above impaling argent a saltier gules for Neville

3. Quarterly 1 and 4 Beaumont [as in No. 1] No. 2 broken No. 3 sable three lions rampant argent [Talbot]*

4. Beaumont [as in No. 1] impaling argent two bars sable in a chief a martlet [Quarmby]

5. Beaumont arms but the impalement was broken.

* Note Thomas Talbot was granted land in Huddersfield manor by Edmund de Lacy, Lord of Pontefract.:

"The Talbots of Bashall are recognized by genealogists as a branch of the high connected Norman stock, which has given to the peerage the earldoms of Shrewsbury and Talbot. Edmund de Lacy, who died in 1257, gave Thomas Talbot the land of Hudresfeld. It is believed that this Thomas Talbot was also given Bashall (orginally Beckshalgh) by Edmund de Lacy. Edmund, the king's son, Earl of Lancaster, was endowed with the lands taken from Edmund de Lacy, and this Edmund, the son of the King, again granted Bashall to this Thomas Talbot. Thomas died in the third of Edward I [1275], and was succeeded by his son Edmund." [The Visitation of Lancashire, 1533, pp. 38-39.]

G.W. Tomlinson interpreted these as:

1. William de whose wife was Elizabeth

2. Sir William de Beaumont whose wife was a Neville

3. Family shield of Beaumont impaling Talbot family.

4. Sir Robert de Beaumont and his wife Agnes de Quarmby

5. Sir John Beaumont, son of Sir Robert above.

Edward Beaumont, a present day kinsman* of Beaumont of Bretton Hall [Lord Allendale] says - Roger ['Helle'] Constable of Chester  who assumed the name de Laci became lord of Pontefract because Robert de Laci had died on a Crusade. Roger, who seems to have been Robert's nearest heir, obtained his charter for the honour at Winchester from King Richard I in 1194. Roger was in the royal good books at the time. Prior to this he was not lord of Pontefract, and after that, he and his descendants started to take the name de Lacy.  Edward also says that the line at Bretton  is not descended from the Beaumonts or Bellomontes of Crosland and Whitley except by the marriage in 1723, of Frances Beaumont of Whitley to George Beaumont of Darton who was a descendant of a family from Thornhill. Edward also disputes the commonly held  link between William de Bellomonte of Whitley and the line of the earls of Leicester. According to Edward's evidence, the Beaumonts of Yorkshire are more likely to be related to the Beaumonts of Devon and the Cotentin Peninsula, Normandy who, like the Constables of Chester [later assuming the name de Laci] had connections to the earls of Chester in England. * Descended from the younger son of the 1723 marriage.

Other possible kinsmen in the North were:

1. William de Beaumont whose arms are given in the Galloway Roll [1300] as GULES A LION RAMPANT ARGENT a label of three points azure semee of crescents or. This is very close to those arms for of Beaumont of Whitley, viz:  GULES A LION RAMPANT ARGENT, langued and armed azure, within an orle of nine crescents arg. William being in the Galloway Roll indicates that he was at the siege of Caerlaverock and the foray into Galloway in 1300 with King Edward I and Prince Edward, later King Edward II. If this is so he is likely to have been a tenant of Henry de Laci, earl of Lincoln in the honour of Pontefract. Dugdale in his Visitation of Yorkshire in 1666, p. 253, says William was living in the reign of Edward I. He was heir to his brother Richard in 1298 and in 1318 was one of those pardoned  as 'William Beaumond' along with a 'John Beaumond' at York. [C.P.R.] Thus although it is widely known that Robert his son was not of the quarrel with the king, his father William seems to have been an adherent of earl Thomas in 1318 against the Despensers. He is recorded as having died on 12th March 1322. [TNA SC 8/204 10153-10201.]

2. Robert Beaumont son of the above William  is recorded in 1322 as a mainpernor  for John de Nevill of Hornby, Lancashire:

30th July 1322 at Newcastle-upon-Tyne - 
John de Nevill of Horneby of the county of York has made fine in 500L. and has found as mainpernors Thomas de Wylughby, John Bret, Gregory de Thorneton, Robert Beaumount, William de Byngham and Richard de Hilton, and for acknowledgement of the said trespass binds himself and his heirs and all his lands in 60s. to be paid yearly at the Exchequers of Michaelmas and Easter by equal portions, and will make his writing thereon as above.
[Cancelled.] [C..F.R., 1319-1327, p.156; Parliamentary Writs., Vol.II, Div.III, p.521.]

At the same time Robert also acted as a mainpernor for others:

John son of Gregory de Thorneton of the county of York has made fine in 40s. and has found as mainpernors Robert de Welle, Robert Beaumont and Gregory de Thorneton of the county of York. [Cal. Fine Rolls 1319-1327, p.159]

This Robert is the same person as Robert Beaumont of Crosland Hall who was beheaded in 1341 by John de Eland,  John earl de Warrene's man and sheriff of Yorkshire in that year.

3. Thomas Beaumont who was pardoned on the 20th November 1310 at Berwick-upon-Tweed by the king for various offences [C.P.R.1307-1313, p. 290.] and was again pardoned in 1318 for having attacked Hugh Despenser's lands. [C.P.R, 1317-1321, p. 232.] - see below. There are particular references also to a Thomas Beaumont as follows:

When the king was at Leake for the treaty with Thomas earl of Lancaster (10th August 1318) accusations were made that goods belonging to George Percy had been carried off from 'Shaldefeld Parva', Wiltshire (Little or West Chalfield21) by named persons including Thomas 'Baumound':

10th August 1318, Leake
The like
[appointment to a commission]  to John de Foxle, William de Hardenne and Walter de Pavely on complaint by George de Percy that Thomas Baumound [Beaumont], Warin son of William de Louche, chaplain, John de Winkalton, John Tybesone, James Wykewane, Auquerus do Seynbury, John le Keu, Richard de Lenche of Elmely, [?Emley, near Whitley] ' waryner,' [warrener] Malcolm Musard and John son of Ingolram Berenger, with others, carried away his goods at Shaldefeld Parva, co. Wilts. By K.

This seems to be associated with an earlier occurence:

20th July 1318, Northampton.
The like [appointment to a commission] to John do Foxle, William de Hardenne and Walter de Paveli [Pavely] on complaint by John son of George de Perci [Percy] touching the persons who had seized (rapuerunt) Elizabeth his wife at Shaldefeld Parva, co. Wilts, abducted her, and carried away her goods. By K. [C.P.R.,1317-132, p.278.]

Thomas Beaumont received a pardon on 12th November 1318 [C.P.R. 1317-1321, p.232.] indicating that he was a Lancastrian adherent. In order to remove him from the influence of the rebellious barons in the North, ten days later the same Thomas appears to have been appointed sheriff of Meath in Ireland:
22nd November 1318. 

Grant "during pleasure to Thomas Beaumund, for good service, of the office of sheriff of the county of Mithe in Ireland so that he answer for the issues thereof at the Exchequer in Dublin as other sheriffs have answered hitherto" [C.F.R., 1307-1319, p.380.]


Arms of Spencer Spencer of Horsforth
Arms: Azure, a fesse ermine wavy between six sea-mews* heads erased ar.
Crest: A rock ppr thereon a sea-mew also ppr1.
Motto : "Dieu defend le droit"  ("God defends the right.")
The Spencers were from Horsforth near Leeds and married into the Stanhopes of Cannon -Hall, Cawthorne. The Spencer Arms were recognised 4th August 1665 at Doncaster.

Stanhope:of Stanhope [Northumberland] and Cawthorne.
Arms: Quarterly: ermine and gules1.Arms of Stanhope
Crest: A tower azure with demi-lion rampant issuing or,
ducally crowned gules, holding between his paws a grenade firing, ppr.
Motto: "A Deo et Rege"  ("From God and the King.")
Originally the Stanhopes came from Northumberland where many places bear the suffix "-hope" and in fact  where lies the village of Stanhope. Their lineage then descended from the Stanhopes of Rampton, Notts. and Elvaston, Derbs.diverging in the reign of Elizabeth I in John Stanhope of Horsforth, West Yorkshire. The Spencers married into the Stanhopes of Horsforth  to become the Spencer-Stanhopes of Cannon Hall, Cawthorne, South Yorkshire. From the Horsforth line desceded the wife of Armstrong-Jones, Serena Stanhope.
Note: ermine tails could be reduced in number and enlarged.

Arms of Collingwood Collingwood
Arms: Arg. a chevron sable between 3 stags' heads erased of the second1.
Crest: A stag at gaze, in a holly bush, proper.
Motto: "Nil conscire sibi" [To have a conscience free from guilt] Note: this is the same motto as for Savile.


Roddam: of Alnwick [Northumberland] and Cawthorne. 
Arms: Gules on  a bend arg. three cinque foils sable1Arms of Roddam
Crest: A stump of an oak tree couped, sprouting out leaves; ppr.
Motto: "Nec deficit alter." [Nor did the other fail]
Rodham a variant of Roddam is the family name of Hilary Clinton wife of the former U.S. president and originates from Roddam Hall, near Alnwick, Northumberland. [William Roddam 1296]
The Roddams' married into the Stanhope line of  which Serina Stanhope is a member. Serina [b. 1970]  married  David Viscount Linley [b. 1961] son of  the late Princess Margaret and Anthony Armstrong-Jones. Note : Bend could be widened and charges enlarged..
See Spencer-Stanhopes of Cawthorne.

Warrene Arms Warrene Of Reigate [Surrey], Sandal [Wakefield Manor] and Conisbrough.
Arms:  Chequy or and arg.

Warren of LincolnshireWarren Arms of Lincolnshire
Arms: Gules a lion rampant argent a chief chequy or and azure
William Heydon of Heydon, Norfolk  married Jane, daughter of John Warren of Lincolnshire whose arms "checky or and azure, on a canton gules, a lion rampant argent" were quartered by the Heydons. These arms show that John Warren was a descendant of the last earl Warren and Surrey,who held land in Norfolk, by his mistress Maud de Neirford4.

Dronsfield Arms Dronsfield of West Bretton.
Arms: Sable and Arg. paly with a bend Gules three mullet Or.
See Dronsfield of West Bretton

Armitage [Armytage] of Hartshead-cum-Clifton and Kirklees from the 1500's.Armitage Arms
Arms: Gules, a lion head erased argent, and langued az. between three crosslets of the second.
Source for blazon  Heraldry - Designs of Wonder.
See Armitage of Kirklees

Stansfeld Arms Stansfeld [Stansfield]:
Sable three goats trippant argent.
Motto: "Noscete ipsum" [know thyself]
Found in: Stansfield Hall, Todmorden, Sowerby Church, Heptonstall church, Elland chapel and Stansfield chapel at Guiseley, the surname is taken from the place-name by a descendant supposedly of William Maryon[s], who accompanied William The Conqueror to England.

Savile: Savile Arms
Arms: Argent  three owls of the first on a bend sable
Motto: Nil conscire sibi [To have a conscience free from guilt] Note: this is the same motto as for Collingwood. The notion that owls were wise was pursued by the Greeks, however, the medieval heraldic significance was not so. Here it signified that the bearer had not been involved with battle, particularly "The Crusades". In Spain owls are considered to bring bad luck if kept indoors. The Saviles were originally of Savile Hall, Dodworth, now Savile Hall Farm.
See Saviles of Thornhill
Sir George Savill, was granted the Tankersley arms as a quartering, at the Visitation of York.

Scargill Arms Scargill of Castle Barnard, Altoft and Darrington.
Arms: Ermine a saltire engrailed gules
Originated near Castle Barnard, then Scargill of Altofts Hall, near Normanton, and Darrington near Pontefract.
See Scargill Family History Pages

Eland of Eland  Park and Cromwell Bottom.
Arms : Gules two bars between nine martlets argent three, three and three.
Crest: On a chapeau, azure, turned up Or. a martlet gules7.
Martlets are often associated with involvement in the crusades10.Eland Arms
In the Great Parliamentary Roll ca. 1312 a  Sire Hugh de Elaund bore arms de argent, a un bende de goules, e iii escalops de or. [Bannerets Roll; Nicholas 1928, p. 95.]







Tankersley of Tankersley
Tankersley later Arms Arms : Argent, on a bend gules, three escallops, or
These arms are similar to the De Wadsley arms and hence those of the De Furnivals. 
See Tankersley History
Note: The bend could be widenened and the charges enlarged.

Muschamp of Willoughby, Lincolnshire and Northumberland, also found in the West Riding.
Arms: Or three bars Gules.
The three bars gules are spread over the whole shield.13

Muschamp Arms of Willoughby Lincolnshire

Muschamp Arms of Wooler, Northumberland. Muschamp of Wooler Northumberland
Arms: Argent a chevron Vert 3 bees# Sable

Midgeley of Midgley and Clayton, West Yorkshire. Arms: Sable two bars gemell Or on a chief of the second, three catherine wheels of the first.26  These also appear as part of the arms of the Midgley branch of Rochdale in Lancashire.


Arms of Midgley Midgley of Midgley
Arms: Sable two bars gemell Or on a chief of the second three caltraps of the first. The earlier shield did not possess the caltraps.
Crest:7 i] An heraldic tyger, sejant, between paws a caltrap.
           ii] On a mount, an heraldic tyger, sejant, resting dexter on a caltrap.
          iii] [Midgeley] Two keys in saltier, azure, wards down.
See Arms of Midgley
 The similarity to the Thornhill arms shown below indicates that De Midgley [De Miggeley] was a sub tenant of De Thornhill.

Thornhill of Thornhill and Fixby
Arms: Gules two bars gemell and a chief Or.
Note the similarity to the Midgley arms, the difference being in one tincture and the caltraps. The village of Midgley, near Wakefield and Thornhill were adjacent  manors and the similarity of arms suggests a feudal connection  13 as predicted elsewhere not confirmed by genealogy. See Thornhill of Thornhill

Arms of Thornhill

Montague/MontacuteMontague Arms Yorkshire
i] Arms: Quarterly first and fourth Argent three fusils conjoined in fess Gules within a bordure sable.13

ii] Another blazon for Monthermer of Yorkshire is : Quarterly second and third Or an eagle displayed Vert armed beaked and membered gules.13
See Spencer-Stanhopes & Montague

The Arms of Gledhill Gledhill
The coat of arms of the Gledhill family was first granted in 1612
Arms: Azure, three fusils in fesse argent.
Crest: A cock proper.
Motto: "Fortiter et Recte" [Bravely and Rightly]


Crossland of Crosland HillArms of Crossland
Arms:  Quarterly argent and gules, a cross botonny countercharged.
Blazon source: Crosland Web Page

Arms of Lockwood Lockwood of Lockwood
Arms: Argent between three cinquefoils a chevron Sable
Source of blazon:Lockwood Web Page

Barnby/BarnebyArms of Barnby
of Barnby Hall, Cawthorne [found in Barnsley Church]
Arms : Or, a lion rampant Sable charged with four escallops, Argent1.
Note: The Lion should have its escallops charged on the body, this will be corrected in due course.

Arms of De Laci of Pontefract. De Laci [de Lacey]
of Pontefract
Arms: Or a lion rampant purpure.
See De Laci history

FrobisherArms of Frobisher of Altofts Hall, Altofts near Normanton.
Originally from Wales [hence the griffins's head], then Altofts Hall.
Ermine on a fess, engrailed azure between three griffins heads erased sable a greyhound courant argent.

Arms of FitzAlan 1 i.] Gules, a lion rampant or.

ii] Barry of eight or and gules.Arms of FitzAlan 2

Arms of Le Scrope Le Scrope
Arms : Azure, a bend or.
See other Arms and portrait
The case Scrope v's Grosvenor [which lasted from1385 to1390] was a celebrated one in heraldry. The Arms were granted in favour of Scrope of Wensleydale by King Richard II. John of Gaunt and Geoffrey Chaucer were among the witnesses. This court still exists as the Earl Marshal's Court11.

Bosvile/ Bosville/Boswell1Arms of Bosvile Gunthwaite & Ardsley.
of New Hall, Ardsley also known as New Hall, Darfield and New Hall, Wombwell, also of Gunthwaite.
Arms: Argent, five fusils in fesse gules, in chief three bears' heads, sable.
Crest: An ox issuing from a bolt of trees, proper. 
Motto: "Intento in Deum animo
The following epigram was written on the family's name and crest in the time of Elizabeth I - “Dii tibi dent Bosvile, boves villasque Radulphi, nec villa careat bosve vel illa bove." 

Arms of Swillington Swillington
Of Swillington. 
Arms: Argent a chevron azure [Granted temporarily during the reign of Edward III] 
Blazon source: Swillington pages




Pilkington armsPilkington 
of Wigan, Lancs and Chevet Hall,Yorks.
Arms : Argent a cross patonce voided gules.13
[The cross fleury is only in outline]. This symbol is still used by Pilkington Glass of Wigan.




De Washington Arms of Adwick-le-Street. A branch of the De Wessington or Washington family of Co. Durham whose arms were Argent two bars and in chief three mullets gules. Sir John De Washington [d. 1331] founded Hallhead Hall at Adwick-le-Street, Barnsdale.
Arms: Argent two bars and in chief three mullets gules a crescent for difference. The manor of Sulgrave  branch [Northants.] of the Washingtons  produced emigrants to Virginia in 1657 who were the ancestors of George Washington, president of the U.S.A. It is believed that the family coat of arms assisted in the design of the 'stars and stripes'.

Le Waleys, Wallis, Walsh, Wales, Wallace.
Of Burghwallis, Barnsdale. Probably originated in Ayrshire. Found as arms to Sir Richard I Le Waleys [b. <1126] of 'Burg Waleis' and his son Sir Stephen I Le Waleys.Arms of Waleys Richard married Albreda FitzWilliam of Emley whose grandmother was Adela Plantagenet, daughter of Hamelyn Plantagenet.
Arms: Quarterly argent and gules a bend or.
see Waleys of Burgh Wallis

Rushworth [Rishworth]

Rushworth Rushworth [Rishworth]of Rushworth and Coley in the parish of Halifax and also Riddlesden. Henry Rushworth's daughter of Coley Hall, Margery, married John Savile whose sister was Margaret a prioress of Kirklees [1350 -c.1360]  See Barnsdale and the Geste
Arms : Argent a bend sable an eagle displayed vert and a cross crosslet of the second
Also argent a cross crosslet sable, also argent a cross bottony fiche sable19.

Of Emley and later Sprotborough. Chief stewards to the lords of Conisbrough from the time of Sir William FitzWilliam [d>1218] who married  Ela de WarreneFitzWilliam [daughter of Hamelyn Plantagenet of Conisbrough]. Sir Thomas FitzWilliam  is identified as being a grandfather of Robert III Butler of Skelbrooke, a criminal of the late 1290's from Skelbrooke, near Barnsdale. See Robert Butler
Arms: Lozengy, argent and gules




Aune Of Frickley and later Burghwallis. This family came to prominence after the appointment of William de Aune who was appointed constable/governor of Tickhill Castle. The pedigree of this family is given in Hunter's South Yorkshire.23 Arms: Gules three bucks' heads, caboshed argent attired Or.





Mauley of Doncaster and Mulgrave near Whitby. Their preferred place of residence was Mulgrave Castle. Arms: Or a bend sable.  [Hunter, J. South Yorkshire. vol. II.]







Newmarch [Novo Mercato] This family succeeded the Reinevilles at Campsall but lost their caput at Bentley in the early part of Edward I's reign to Robert Tibetot of Suffolk. His son Payn died at Strivelin, Stirlingshire (Bannockburn) in 1314. By 1316 Bentley was possessed by William Sampson whilst the Newmarches continued to hold Womersley until the reign of Henry IV. [Hunter, J. South Yorkshire. vol. II.]

Arms: gules three fusils in fess or (a fess deeply indented). There is a question that there may have been five fusils or indents. An addition may have included an alternate with sable a lion rampant argent, following the arms of their overlords, the De Laci's.





Monk Bretton Priory  commonly known as 'Burton Abbey'. The Arms of the priory at Lundwood near Monk Bretton and Barnsley, are given as: Sable in chief two covered cups, in base a cross formée (patée) argent.25 [But they can also be more generally displayed as three covered cups - see below]  The remains of this priory lie in the valley of the River Dearne in South Yorkshire. The religious house was dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, the arms at one time appearing on a shield above the main gateway. These arms have been mentioned by Hunter and Bellamy as being similar [three covered cups] to the Butler arms over the west door of the church at Skelbrooke but the field and tincture in the latter case were gules and or.










'Over the gateway was an escutcheon of stone, whereon were three covered cups, as they seemed to be in A.D. 1670.' 27





Butler [Le Butler, Botiler, Botiller] of Skelbrooke. Arms: Gules, three covered cups, or. These arms are similar to those of St. Mary Magdalene as seen in the arms found on the Priory Church at Lanercost which appear there beside a niche containing the saint's image. This may be the king's thanks for victory at the battle of Falkirk on St. Magdalenes Feast Day 1298, traditionally the 22nd July.

Arms of St. Mary Magdalene at Lanercost Priory Church with the saint's image, said to have been donated by King Edward I who stayed here periodically during his wars with Scotland. Mary's arms are clearly three cups covered.


Stainton [De Staynton]24

Of Woolley [John de Staynton], Riddings or Rhyddings by Ackworth Moortop [Godfrey de Staynton], Prior of Monk Bretton Priory 1338-1349 [William de Staynton], nun and prioress of Kirklees Priory [Elizabeth de Staynton, daughter of John de Staynton of Woolley Hall.]. Arms: Argent a fess between three crosses patée (formée) gules, a lion passant or. This, Hunter suggests highlights the 'devotional turn of the family', the crosses patée indicating an affiliation with Monk Bretton Priory.


There appear to be two variants of the Mauleverer arms one has a field gules while the other has a field sable. 

i. Field of gules Mauleverer of Ingleby Arncliffe (nr. Northallerton) was said to carry Gules three running leverers argent with golden collars.  [A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 2 (1923)
More precisely, Gules, three greyhounds, courant (in pale), argent, collared, or. These are claimed as being those of William Mauleverer born 1220, Sir William Mauleverer b. 1379-1463 & William Mauleverer (1557-1618) of Allerton Maulever not Ingleby Arncliffe.

Less precisely- Malore (Maulevere) A greyhound current (running) Gules, collared and ringed or. [Collectanea topographica et genealogica. p. 75.]

Sire William Mauleverer, de argent, a iij leverers de goules. [A Roll of Arms of the Reign of Edward the Second. Nicholas Harris Nicholas (ed.), 1829, p. 96.] 

Sire William Mauleverer - Argent, three greyhounds gules. [A Roll of Arms of the Reign of Edward the Second. Nicholas Harris Nicholas (ed.), 1829, p. 133. Under Ordinary of the Arms] 


ii. Field of sable William Mauleverer, Sable, three greyhounds courant, argent in pale, collared or. (1470-1551). [Maulevere Coat of Arms of Woodersome from the Visitation of Yorkshire.]
Sable, three greyhounds, current in pale argent collared or. Claimed for Sir Richard Mauleverer of Arncliffe at the Conquest: [The History of Cleveland, in the North Riding of the County of York. p. 122. John Graves]

Maulever of Arnclife: 
Sable, three greyhounds, courrant in pale argent collared or. [Complete American Armoury and Blue Book. John Matthews, Peter Matthews.] There is a claimed descendancy from Sir Richard Mauleverer. Also the same arms in De Controversia in Curia Militari Inter Ricardum Le Scrope. Volume 2, p. 181. Sir Richard Le Scrope for Sir William Maulever b. 1346 a son of Sir William Mauleverer of Woodsom, Yorkshire.
Mauleverer of Allerton Mauleverer
: claimed to be Sable, three greyhounds, current, in pale argent collared, or. [The History of the Castle, Town, and Forest of Knaresbrough: With Harrogate. p. 360. Ely Hargrove]

An entirely different arms is given for Sir John Maleverer for about 1312:
Sire Johan Mauleverer - de goules, od la chef de or, a un baston goboune de argent e de azure. [A Roll of Arms of the Reign of Edward the Second. Nicholas Harris Nicholas (ed.), 1829, p. 94.] 

Gules, a chief or, a baton gobony argent and azure*. [A Roll of Arms of the Reign of Edward the Second. Nicholas Harris Nicholas (ed.), 1829, p. 151. Under Ordinary of the Arms]       

* i.e. a couped bend argent and azure.

Early Landed Gentry of West and South Yorkshire
Enhancing the Caltrap
How to make your own crest and shield

Blazons yet to be sourced and constructed :

Exley [Ecksley]
of Exley

of Quarmby.

Siddal (Siddle)
of Northowram

Any offers of Yorkshire blazons which can be constructed, gratefully accepted email Tim Midgley

Home | Previous

1. History of Cawthorne
2. History of the Beaumonts of Whiteley
3. Heraldry - Designs of Wonder.
4. The Genealogy of the Saviles' of Derbyshire.
5. Crosland Web Page
6. Lockwood Web Page
7. Fairburn, James. Fairburn's Crests of the Families of Great Britain & Ireland., New Orchard Editions, 1986.
8. The Yorkshire Archaeological Society
    Sixteenth and seventeenth-century heraldic manuscripts by William Dugdale, Norroy King of Arms and others, which once belonged to the Horsley family York herald-painters, and many pedigrees and other items of interest to genealogists and local historians. 
9. Dugdale William, Visitation of Yorkshire 1665-66 [Held by the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 23, Clarendon Road, Leeds, LS2 9NZ, Tel: 0113 
    2456362 Fax: 0113 244 1979, Email:]
10. Woodcock Martin, Robinson John, The Oxford Guide to Heraldry, O.U.P., 1988.
11. Bedingfield Henry, Heraldry, Bison Group, 1993.
12. Hunter, Joseph. Hallamshire, London, 1819.
13. E-mail communication with David Alexander Richard Waterton-Anderson unproven claimant to the lordship of Everingham of Laxton, Notts. January 2004
14. Dennys, Rodney. Heraldic Imagination. Barry & Jenkins, 1975. 
15. Foster, Joseph. Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire Vol I : West Riding, London. 1874
16. Weir, Alison. The Wars of the Roses. Jonathan Cape. London. 1995.
17.  Whitaker, T. D. An History of the Original parish of Whalley and Honour of Clitheroe. George Routledge and Sons. London 1872.  
18. E-mail from Edward Beaumont   Edward has much unpublished work relating to the Bellomontes of West Yorkshire.    
19. Watson, M.A. Rev. The History and Antiquities of Halifax [1775] citing Book of Arms of Yorkshire by William Fairfax
20. Woodcock, Thomas & Robinson, John. M., The Oxford Guide to Heraldry, O.U.P.1988.                                                                                                         21.Ekblom, Einar. The place-names of Wiltshire, their origin and history, 1917, p. 48.                                                                                                                         22.Cited in Ahier, Philip. The Legends and Traditions of Huddersfield and its District. 1945, p. 133.

23. Hunter, J. South Yorkshire. vol. II, p. 148.

24. Ibid. p. 384-385.

25.V.C.H. Townships: Tottington, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (1911), pp. 143-150.

26. Alphabetical Dictionary of Coats of Arms. Vol. I. p. 48.

27. Burton. Monasticon Eboracense, (1758), p. 91; Y.A.J., vol. 27, (1924), p. 304.

*  = A sea-mew is a seagull, a mew is a hawk or falcon
#  = bees may be drones or flies, these represent efficient industry.
Or. = gold colour.
Gu.= Gules = red.
Az. = azure/ blue.
Sa. = sable colour i.e. black.
Arg. = argent = silver colour.
Ermine [from the stoat] = A white flecked field with black ermine tails some claim  to royalty, nobility or the judiciary.
Vert = green.

© Copyright Tim Midgley 2002, revised 25th January 2022. 
Gold Caltrap on an azure background